craze

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English crasen(to crush, break, break to pieces, shatter, craze), from Old Norse *krasa(to shatter). Cognate with Danish krase(to crack, crackle), Swedish krasa(to crack, crackle), Norwegian krasa(to shatter, crush), Icelandic krasa(to crackle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

craze ‎(plural crazes)

  1. (archaic) craziness; insanity.
  2. A strong habitual desire or fancy.
  3. A temporary passion or infatuation, as for some new amusement, pursuit, or fashion; a fad
    • 2012, Alan Titchmarsh, The Complete Countryman: A User's Guide to Traditional Skills and Lost Crafts
      Winemaking was a huge craze in the 1970s, when affordable package holidays to the continent gave people a taste for winedrinking, but the recession made it hard to afford off-license prices back home.
  4. (ceramics) A crack in the glaze or enamel caused by exposure of the pottery to great or irregular heat.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

craze ‎(third-person singular simple present crazes, present participle crazing, simple past and past participle crazed)

  1. (archaic) To weaken; to impair; to render decrepit.
    • Milton
      Till length of years, / And sedentary numbness, craze my limbs.
  2. To derange the intellect of; to render insane.
    • Tillotson
      any man [] that is crazed and out of his wits
    • Shakespeare
      Grief hath crazed my wits.
  3. To be crazed, or to act or appear as one that is crazed; to rave; to become insane.
    • Keats
      She would weep and he would craze.
  4. (transitive, intransitive, archaic) To break into pieces; to crush; to grind to powder. See crase.
    • Milton
      God, looking forth, will trouble all his host, / And craze their chariot wheels.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To crack, as the glazing of porcelain or pottery.

Translations[edit]