craze

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English crasen (to crush, break, break to pieces, shatter, craze), from Old Norse *krasa (to shatter), ultimately imitative.[1]

Cognate with Danish krase (to crack, crackle), Swedish krasa (to crack, crackle), Norwegian krasa (to shatter, crush), Icelandic krasa (to crackle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɹeɪz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪz

Noun[edit]

craze (plural crazes)

  1. (archaic) craziness; insanity.
  2. A strong habitual desire or fancy.
  3. A temporary passion or infatuation, as for some new amusement, pursuit, or fashion; a fad
    • 2012, Alan Titchmarsh, The Complete Countryman: A User's Guide to Traditional Skills and Lost Crafts
      Winemaking was a huge craze in the 1970s, when affordable package holidays to the continent gave people a taste for winedrinking, but the recession made it hard to afford off-license prices back home.
  4. (ceramics) A crack in the glaze or enamel caused by exposure of the pottery to great or irregular heat.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

craze (third-person singular simple present crazes, present participle crazing, simple past and past participle crazed)

  1. (archaic) To weaken; to impair; to render decrepit.
  2. To derange the intellect of; to render insane.
  3. To be crazed, or to act or appear as one that is crazed; to rave; to become insane.
    • 1820, John Keats, “Robin Hood”, in Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems, London: Printed [by Thomas Davison] for Taylor and Hessey, [], OCLC 927360557, page 135:
      And if Robin should be cast / Sudden from his turfed grave, / And if Marian should have / Once again her forest days, / She would weep and he would craze: [...]
  4. (transitive, intransitive, archaic) To break into pieces; to crush; to grind to powder. See crase.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book X”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554, lines 1100–1101:
      God looking forth will trouble all his Hoſt / And craze thir Chariot wheels:
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To crack, as the glazing of porcelain or pottery.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Worcester, Joseph Emerson (1910: Worcester's academic dictionary: a new etymological dictionary of the English language, p. 371

Anagrams[edit]