emerald

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See also: Emerald

English[edit]

cut emeralds (beryl)
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English emeraude, borrowed from Old French esmeraude, from Vulgar Latin *smaralda, *smaraldus, *smaraudus, variant of Latin smaragdus, from Ancient Greek σμάραγδος (smáragdos), μάραγδος (máragdos), from a Semitic language. Compare Hebrew בָּרֶקֶת(bareket, emerald, flashing gem), Akkadian 𒁀𒊏𒄣 (baraqu, literally scintillation), Arabic بَرْق(barq, literally flashing), Egyptian bwyrqꜣ (literally to sparkle):

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and loanwords with Semitic etymon such as Sanskrit मरकत (marakata) and Persian زمرد(zomorrod) (whence Turkish zümrüt and Russian изумру́д (izumrúd)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛməɹəld/, /ˈɛmɹəld/

Adjective[edit]

emerald (comparative more emerald, superlative most emerald)

  1. Of a rich green colour.
    • Byron
      The insect-queen of eastern spring, / O'er emerald meadows of Kashmeer / Invites the young pursuer near, / And leads him on from flower to flower / A weary chase and wasted hour.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

emerald (countable and uncountable, plural emeralds)

  1. Any of various green gemstones, especially a green transparent form of beryl, highly valued as a precious stone.
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 128:
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
  2. Emerald green, a colour.
  3. Any hummingbird in the genera Chlorostilbon and Elvira; and some in the genus Amazilia
  4. (dated, printing, Britain) A size of type between nonpareil and minion, standardized as 6½-point.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

emerald (third-person singular simple present emeralds, present participle emeralding, simple past and past participle emeralded)

  1. (transitive, poetic) To ornament with, or as if with, emeralds; to make green.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Emerald” in David Barthelmy, Webmineral Mineralogy Database[2], 1997–.
  • emerald”, in Mindat.org[3], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, accessed 29 August 2016.