gemma

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See also: Gemma

English[edit]

Gemmae on a leaf tip of Syntrichia papillosa

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin gemma (bud on a plant). Doublet of gem and Gemma.

Noun[edit]

gemma (plural gemmae)

  1. (biology) An asexual reproductive structure, as found in animals such as hydra (genus Hydra) and plants such as liverworts (division Marchantiophyta), consisting of a cluster of cells from which new individuals can develop; a bud.
    Synonym: (archaic) gemmule
    • 1969, Rudolf Mathias Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America East of the Hundredth Meridian, Volume 1, Columbia University Press, page 527,
      I know of no other genera with such intramarginal formation of true gemmae.
    • 1990, Anthony John Edwin Smith, The Liverworts of Britain and Ireland, page 2,
      Gemmae are frequently longer than wide or of irregular shape.
      According to Degenkolbe, gemmae-bearing leaves are always different in form from normal leaves.
    • 2005, R. N. Chopra, Biology of Bryophytes, page 32,
      In Marchantia polymorpha, high temperature promotes germination of gemmae (Dacknowski, 1907), and heat absorbed by the gemmae accelerates their germination (Fitting, 1942).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gemma.

Noun[edit]

gemma f (plural gemmes)

  1. gem, jewel

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

gemma (plural gemmas)

  1. gem

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gemma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒɛm.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ɛmma
  • Hyphenation: gèm‧ma

Noun[edit]

gemma f (plural gemme)

  1. bud
  2. gem, jewel

Verb[edit]

gemma

  1. inflection of gemmare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. Possibilities include:

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gemma f (genitive gemmae); first declension

  1. A bud or eye of a plant.
  2. A gem, gemstone, jewel, precious stone.
  3. A thing made of precious stones.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gemma gemmae
Genitive gemmae gemmārum
Dative gemmae gemmīs
Accusative gemmam gemmās
Ablative gemmā gemmīs
Vocative gemma gemmae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: xema, ema
  • Catalan: gemma
  • English: gem
  • French: gemme
  • Galician: xema
  • Italian: gemma
  • Portuguese: gema
  • Romanian: gemă
  • Russian: гемма (gemma)
  • Spanish: yema, gema
  • Proto-West Germanic: *gimmu (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • gemma”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • gemma”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gemma in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • gemma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the trees are budding: gemmae proveniunt
  • gemma”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gemma”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin