gemma

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See also: Gemma

English[edit]

Gemmae on a leaf tip of Syntrichia papillosa

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gemma ‎(bud on a plant).

Noun[edit]

gemma ‎(plural gemmae)

  1. (botany) A bud; an asexual reproductive structure, as found in liverworts and hydra, able to produce new individuals from a cluster of cells.
    • 1969, Rudolf Mathias Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America East of the Hundredth Meridian, Volume 1, Columbia University Press, page 527,
      I know of no other genera with such intramarginal formation of true gemmae.
    • 1990, Anthony John Edwin Smith, The Liverworts of Britain and Ireland, page 2,
      Gemmae are frequently longer than wide or of irregular shape.
      According to Degenkolbe, gemmae-bearing leaves are always different in form from normal leaves.
    • 2005, R. N. Chopra, Biology of Bryophytes, page 32,
      In Marchantia polymorpha, high temperature promotes germination of gemmae (Dacknowski, 1907), and heat absorbed by the gemmae accelerates their germination (Fitting, 1942).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gemma.

Noun[edit]

gemma f ‎(plural gemmes)

  1. gem, jewel

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

gemma ‎(plural gemmas)

  1. gem

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin gemma.

Noun[edit]

gemma f ‎(plural gemme)

  1. bud
  2. gem, jewel

Verb[edit]

gemma

  1. third-person singular present indicative of gemmare
  2. second-person singular imperative of gemmare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Two possibilities include:

Noun[edit]

gemma f ‎(genitive gemmae); first declension

  1. A bud or eye of a plant.
  2. A jewel.
  3. A thing made of precious stones.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative gemma gemmae
genitive gemmae gemmārum
dative gemmae gemmīs
accusative gemmam gemmās
ablative gemmā gemmīs
vocative gemma gemmae

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • gemma in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gemma in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • GEMMA” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • gemma” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the trees are budding: gemmae proveniunt
  • gemma in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gemma in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin