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From Proto-Vietic *hanʔ, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *(ʔ)anʔ ~ *ʔən; cognate with Car Nicobarese an (he, she, it), Pacoh ân (relative pronoun). The /h/ appeared in the proto-Vietic stage, which is also seen in hết (to finish).



hắn (, )

  1. (derogatory or informal) he; him
  2. (archaic) he; him; she; her
  3. (chiefly Central Vietnam, familiar or informal) he; him; she; her

Usage notes[edit]

  • This word has various connotations depending on contexts:
    • As a derogatory pronoun, it refers to a man in a demeaning way.
    • As an informal pronoun, it may refers to a man who is very close to you. Young girls in literary works are portrayed as people who refer to their romantic partners as hắn, in an endearing way.
    • As a dialectal pronoun, it is the Central Vietnamese equivalent of , as it refers to any animal (including the human) in a condescending, informal way.


  • (non-Central Vietnamese):

See also[edit]