helfen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German hëlfen, from Old High German helfan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelb-, *ḱelp-. Cognate with Low German helpen, Dutch helpen, English help, Danish hjælpe, Norwegian Bokmål hjelpe.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛlfn̩/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hel‧fen

Verb[edit]

helfen ‎(class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present hilft, past tense half, past participle geholfen, past subjunctive hülfe, auxiliary haben)

  1. to help (someone); to assist; to aid [+dative]
    Ich habe ihr bei der Reparatur des Wagens geholfen.
    I helped her with the repair of the car.

Conjugation[edit]

  • The subjunctive II can be "hälfe" as well as "hülfe".

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German helfan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną. Cognate with Middle Low German helpen, Middle Dutch helpen, and Middle English helpen.

Verb[edit]

hëlfen

  1. to help

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

helfen

  1. h-prothesized form of elfen

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
elfen unchanged unchanged helfen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.