helfen

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German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German hëlfen, from Old High German helfan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelb-, *ḱelp-. Cognate with Low German helpen, Dutch helpen, English help, Danish hjælpe, Norwegian Bokmål hjelpe.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛlfn̩/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hel‧fen

Verb[edit]

helfen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present hilft, past tense half, past participle geholfen, past subjunctive hülfe, auxiliary haben)

  1. to help (someone); to assist; to aid [+dative]
    Ich habe ihnen bei der Reparatur des Wagens geholfen.
    I helped them with the repair of the car.
    • 1832, Auswahl vorzüglicher Predigten auf alle Sonn- und Feiertage des Jahres, wie auch bei verschiedenen Gelegenheiten und der heiligen Fastenzeit, von einer Gesellschaft katholischer Geistlicher. Erster Band, page 83:
      Er, der allen half, hülft auch uns []
      He, who helped all, also helps us []
    • 1845, Wm. Wittich, German tales for beginners, arranged in a progressive order, London, page 130:
      Was hülft das Aufschieben?
      Of what use is the procrastination?

Usage notes[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German helfan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną. Cognate with Middle Low German helpen, Middle Dutch helpen, and Middle English helpen.

Verb[edit]

hëlfen

  1. to help

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

helfen

  1. h-prothesized form of elfen

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
elfen unchanged unchanged helfen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.