helfen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German hëlfen, from Old High German helfan, from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelb-, *ḱelp-. Cognate with Low German helpen, Dutch helpen, English help, Danish hjælpe, Norwegian Bokmål hjelpe.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɛlfn̩/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hel‧fen

Verb[edit]

helfen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present hilft, past tense half, past participle geholfen, past subjunctive hülfe, auxiliary haben)

  1. (with dative) to help (someone); to assist; to aid
    Ich habe ihnen bei der Reparatur des Wagens geholfen.
    I helped them with the repair of the car.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • helfen” in Duden online
  • helfen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Anagrams[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German helfan, from Proto-West Germanic *helpan, from Proto-Germanic *helpaną. Cognate with Middle Low German helpen, Middle Dutch helpen, and Middle English helpen.

Verb[edit]

hëlfen

  1. to help

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Central Franconian: hellepe
  • German: helfen
  • Luxembourgish: hëllefen
  • Yiddish: העלפֿן(helfn)

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

helfen

  1. h-prothesized form of elfen

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
elfen unchanged unchanged helfen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.