humillar

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Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Former Old Galician and Old Portuguese omillar (Cantigas de Santa Maria, 13th century); from Late Latin humiliāre, present active infinitive of humiliō, from humus (ground, soil). Compare Portuguese humilhar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

humillar (first-person singular present humillo, first-person singular preterite humillei, past participle humillado)

  1. (transitive) to humiliate
    Synonym: vexar
  2. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to humble, to abase
    Synonym: abaixar
  3. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to bow, to lower, to salute
    • 1295, Ramón Lorenzo (ed.), La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla. Ourense: I.E.O.P.F., page 642:
      Et, quando forõ ante dona Xemena, o mouro omillouse a ela et a suas fillas, et quiso beyiar as mãos a dona Xemena; mays ela nõ llas quiso dar.
      And when they were before lady Xemena, the Moor man bowed before her and her daughters, and he wanted to kiss lady Xemena,s hands, but she didn't allow him to.
    Synonym: abaixar
  4. first/third-person singular future subjunctive of humillar
  5. first/third-person singular personal infinitive of humillar

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • omillar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • omill” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • humillar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • humillar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Altered from Old Spanish homillar, from Late Latin humiliāre, present active infinitive of humiliō.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • IPA(key): (most of Spain and Latin America) /umiˈʝaɾ/, [u.miˈʝaɾ]
  • IPA(key): (rural northern Spain, Andes Mountains) /umiˈʎaɾ/, [u.miˈʎaɾ]
  • IPA(key): (Buenos Aires and environs) /umiˈʃaɾ/, [u.miˈʃaɾ]
  • IPA(key): (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /umiˈʒaɾ/, [u.miˈʒaɾ]

Verb[edit]

humillar (first-person singular present humillo, first-person singular preterite humillé, past participle humillado)

  1. (transitive) to humiliate
    Synonym: (Mexico) sobajar

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]