abaixar

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a- +‎ baixar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abaixar (first-person singular present abaixo, past participle abaixat)

  1. to lower (make lower)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese abaixar (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from a- +‎ baixo (low) +‎ -ar, from Late Latin bassus (low). Compare Portuguese abaixar and Catalan abaixar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abaixar (first-person singular present abaixo, first-person singular preterite abaixei, past participle abaixado)

  1. (transitive) to lower, to bow
  2. (transitive) to humble, to humiliate
  3. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to bow; to bend down; to crouch
  4. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to humble, to humiliate
  5. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to set (the moon, to sun)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • abaixar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • abaixa” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • abaixar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • abaixar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • abaixar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese abaixar, from a- +‎ baixo (low) +‎ -ar, from Late Latin bassus (low).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ɐbɐjˈʃaɾ/, [ɐβɐjˈʃaɾ]
  • Hyphenation: a‧bai‧xar

Verb[edit]

abaixar (first-person singular present indicative abaixo, past participle abaixado)

  1. to lower; to cause something to move downwards
    Synonyms: arriar, baixar
    Antonyms: erguer, suspender
  2. to lower; to cause something to become shorter
    Synonyms: diminuir, encolher, encurtar
    Antonyms: ampliar, amplificar, aumentar
  3. to lower; to reduce the degree, intensity, strength, etc.
    Synonym: diminuir
    Antonyms: aumentar, erguer
  4. to lower; to humble
    Synonyms: abater, aviltar, deprimir, desprezar, humilhar, reprimir
    Antonyms: engrandecer, dignificar
  5. first-person singular (eu) personal infinitive of abaixar
  6. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) personal infinitive of abaixar
  7. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of abaixar
  8. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of abaixar

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]