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See also: naidā


(index na)


From Proto-Finnic *naidak. From the same stem comes nainen.


  • IPA(key): /ˈnɑi̯dɑˣ/
  • Hyphenation: nai‧da



  1. (transitive, + genitive-accusative) To marry.
    • Nain eilen Annan.
      • I married Anna yesterday.
  2. (transitive, vulgar, + partitive) To have sex or sexual intercourse with somebody, copulate with somebody, fuck.
    • Nain eilen Annaa.
      • I fucked Anna yesterday.

Usage notes[edit]

  • As seen above, the meaning of the verb depends on the case of its object. It's very important that the case be used correctly to avoid misunderstanding. The danger of confusion is imminent when there is no object at all. An example of sentence where naida would most likely be an unfortunate choice:
Milloin aiotte mennä naimisiin?
When are you planning to marry?


Inflection of naida (Kotus type 62/voida, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nain en nai 1st sing. olen nainut en ole nainut
2nd sing. nait et nai 2nd sing. olet nainut et ole nainut
3rd sing. nai ei nai 3rd sing. on nainut ei ole nainut
1st plur. naimme emme nai 1st plur. olemme naineet emme ole naineet
2nd plur. naitte ette nai 2nd plur. olette naineet ette ole naineet
3rd plur. naivat eivät nai 3rd plur. ovat naineet eivät ole naineet
passive naidaan ei naida passive on naitu ei ole naitu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nain en nainut 1st sing. olin nainut en ollut nainut
2nd sing. nait et nainut 2nd sing. olit nainut et ollut nainut
3rd sing. nai ei nainut 3rd sing. oli nainut ei ollut nainut
1st plur. naimme emme naineet 1st plur. olimme naineet emme olleet naineet
2nd plur. naitte ette naineet 2nd plur. olitte naineet ette olleet naineet
3rd plur. naivat eivät naineet 3rd plur. olivat naineet eivät olleet naineet
passive naitiin ei naitu passive oli naitu ei ollut naitu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. naisin en naisi 1st sing. olisin nainut en olisi nainut
2nd sing. naisit et naisi 2nd sing. olisit nainut et olisi nainut
3rd sing. naisi ei naisi 3rd sing. olisi nainut ei olisi nainut
1st plur. naisimme emme naisi 1st plur. olisimme naineet emme olisi naineet
2nd plur. naisitte ette naisi 2nd plur. olisitte naineet ette olisi naineet
3rd plur. naisivat eivät naisi 3rd plur. olisivat naineet eivät olisi naineet
passive naitaisiin ei naitaisi passive olisi naitu ei olisi naitu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. nai älä nai 2nd sing. ole nainut älä ole nainut
3rd sing. naikoon älköön naiko 3rd sing. olkoon nainut älköön olko nainut
1st plur. naikaamme älkäämme naiko 1st plur. olkaamme naineet älkäämme olko naineet
2nd plur. naikaa älkää naiko 2nd plur. olkaa naineet älkää olko naineet
3rd plur. naikoot älkööt naiko 3rd plur. olkoot naineet älkööt olko naineet
passive naitakoon älköön naitako passive olkoon naitu älköön olko naitu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. nainen en naine 1st sing. lienen nainut en liene nainut
2nd sing. nainet et naine 2nd sing. lienet nainut et liene nainut
3rd sing. nainee ei naine 3rd sing. lienee nainut ei liene nainut
1st plur. nainemme emme naine 1st plur. lienemme naineet emme liene naineet
2nd plur. nainette ette naine 2nd plur. lienette naineet ette liene naineet
3rd plur. nainevat eivät naine 3rd plur. lienevät naineet eivät liene naineet
passive naitaneen ei naitane passive lienee naitu ei liene naitu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st naida present naiva naitava
long 1st2 naidakseen past nainut naitu
2nd inessive1 naidessa naitaessa agent1, 3 naima
instructive naiden negative naimaton
3rd inessive naimassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative naimasta
illative naimaan
adessive naimalla
abessive naimatta
instructive naiman naitaman
4th nominative naiminen
partitive naimista
5th2 naimaisillaan


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]




From Proto-Finnic *naidak.



  1. to marry (a woman)


1st infinitive naida
present indic. naib
past indic. nai
1st singular nain nain
2nd singular naid naid nai
3rd singular naib nai  ?
1st plural naim naim naigam
2nd plural nait nait naigat
3rd plural naidas
naiba  ?
sing. conneg.1 nai naind nai
plur. conneg. naigoi nainugoi naigoi
1st singular naižin nainuižin nainen
2nd singular naižid nainuižid nained
3rd singular naiži nainuiži naineb
1st plural naižim nainuižim nainem
2nd plural naižit nainuižit nainet
3rd plural naižiba nainuižiba naineba
connegative naiži nainuiži naine
non-finite forms
1st infinitive naida
2nd infinitive 3rd infinitive
inessive naides inessive naimas
instructive naiden illative naimha
participles elative naimaspäi
present active nai adessive naimal
past active nainu abessive naimat
past passive naidud

Derived terms[edit]


  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “жениться”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika