pr

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See also: Pr, PR, .pr, -pr-, P.R., Pr., pr., and P+R

Demotic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Egyptian
pr
Z1
(pr, house).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pʰoːɾ/ (stressed), IPA(key): /pəɾ/ (unstressed)

Noun[edit]

pr m

  1. temple
  2. house
  3. palace

Usage notes[edit]

This word is almost entirely restricted to compounds. Contrary to earlier Egyptian, the ordinary word for house in Demotic is ꜥ.wy.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pr-2 (pr)

Descendants[edit]

  • Sahidic Coptic: ⲡⲉⲣ- (per-), -ⲡⲱⲣ (-pōr)

References[edit]

  • Erichsen, Wolja (1954) Demotisches Glossar, Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard, page 132
  • Johnson, Janet (2000) Thus Wrote ꜥOnchsheshonqy: An Introductory Grammar of Demotic[1], third edition, Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, →ISBN, page 9
  • Černý, Jaroslav (1976) Coptic Etymological Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 127

Egyptian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from a form such as Proto-Afroasiatic *par- (house).[1] Compare also Proto-Berber *farr (enclosure).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

pr
Z1

 m

  1. house
    • c. 2000 BCE – 1900 BCE, Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor (pHermitage/pPetersburg 1115) line 158:
      aHaa
      n
      D&d n
      f
      n&A1 sn
      b t
      zp
      y
      n&D z
      nDs
      A1rprZ1k
      ꜥḥꜥ.n ḏd.n.f n.j snb.t(j) zpwj snwj nḏs r pr.k
      Then he said to me, Safe travels, safe travels, little man, to your house!
  2. household, inhabitants of a house collectively
  3. property collectively, possessions, estate
  4. (Late Egyptian) garden or estate as a piece of land
  5. (of the king) palace
  6. (of gods) temple
  7. (of gods) temple property and administration, temple estate
  8. (of the dead) tomb
  9. (usually with qualifying word) building with some other particular use
  10. (rare) nest (of the bꜣybꜣy insect) [Medical Papyri]
  11. case, chest, holder (for ointments, bows, mirrors, etc.)

Inflection[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pr (lemma ID 60220)”, in Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae[2], Corpus issue 17, Web app version 2.01 edition, Tonio Sebastian Richter & Daniel A. Werning by order of the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften and Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert & Peter Dils by order of the Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, 2004–15 December 2022
  • Erman, Adolf; Grapow, Hermann (1926) Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache[3], volume 1, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN, page 511.7–516.1
  • Faulkner, Raymond Oliver (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, →ISBN, page 89
  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E.; Stolbova, Olga V. (1995), “*par-”, in Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary: Materials for a Reconstruction (Handbuch der Orientalistik; I.18), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 12

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

pr

  1. the sound of an object cracking

References[edit]

  • pr in Academia Română, Micul dicționar academic, ediția a II-a, Bucharest: Univers Enciclopedic, 2010. →ISBN