travail

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French travail (suffering, torment).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

travail (plural travails or travaux)

  1. (archaic) Arduous or painful exertion; excessive labor, suffering, hardship. [from 13th c.]
    • Hooker
      As everything of price, so this doth require travail.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.20:
      Travell and pleasure, most unlike in nature, are notwithstanding followed together by a kind of I wot not what natural conjunction [...].
    • 1936, Djuna Barnes, Nightwood, Faber & Faber 2007, p. 38:
      He had thought of making a destiny for himself, through laborious and untiring travail.
  2. Specifically, the labor of childbirth. [from 13th c.]
  3. (obsolete, countable) An act of working; labor (US), labour (British). [14th-18th c.]
  4. (obsolete) The eclipse of a celestial object. [17th c.]
  5. Obsolete form of travel.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

Verb[edit]

travail (third-person singular simple present travails, present participle travailing, simple past and past participle travailed)

  1. To toil.
    • Latimer
      slothful persons which will not travail for their livings
  2. To go through the labor of childbirth.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, John XIV:
      A woman when she traveyleth hath sorowe, be cause her houre is come: but as sone as she is delivered off her chylde she remembreth no moare her anguysshe, for ioye that a man is borne in to the worlde.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French travail, from Vulgar Latin *tripalium. Compare Occitan trabalh, Catalan treball, Portuguese trabalho, Spanish trabajo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

travail m (plural travaux)

  1. work; labor
  2. job

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *tripalium. Compare Occitan trabalh, Catalan treball, Portuguese trabalho, Spanish trabajo.

Noun[edit]

travail m (oblique plural travaus, nominative singular travaus, nominative plural travail)

  1. suffering, torment

Descendants[edit]