tuberculosis

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

To international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Latin tuberculum (diminutive of tuber (lump)) +‎ -osis (diseased condition); named for the encapsulated colonies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the lungs in pulmonary tuberculosis, which can look like small tubers (tubercles) on gross pathology. The disease has existed throughout human experience and had other names for millenia before scientific medicine renamed it with a New Latin term in the mid-19th century (1840s); in English it was called consumption because of the wasting away that consumed health and seemed even to consume flesh in some cases (for example, causing fistulas and tissue breakdown).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuberculosis (countable and uncountable, plural tuberculoses)

  1. (pathology) An infectious disease of humans and animals caused by a species of mycobacterium, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis, mainly infecting the lungs where it causes tubercles characterized by the expectoration of mucus and sputum, fever, weight loss, and chest pain, and transmitted through inhalation or ingestion of bacteria. [from 1839]

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Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuberculosis f (uncountable)

  1. (pathology) tuberculosis (infectious disease)

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuberculosis (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of tuberculose.

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tūberculōsīs

  1. dative masculine plural of tūberculōsus
  2. dative feminine plural of tūberculōsus
  3. dative neuter plural of tūberculōsus
  4. ablative masculine plural of tūberculōsus
  5. ablative neuter plural of tūberculōsus
  6. ablative feminine plural of tūberculōsus

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

tuberculosis f (plural tuberculosis)

  1. tuberculosis