warnen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German warnen (to watch over, protect), Old High German warnen (to deny, refuse, decline). Cognate with Old Norse varna (to refuse), Old Saxon wernian (to decline, withhold), Old English wyrnan, English warn.[1] From Proto-Germanic *warnōną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈvaʁnən/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈvaːnən/, /ˈvaːnn̩/ (widespread, especially northern and central Germany)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

warnen (third-person singular simple present warnt, past tense warnte, past participle gewarnt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to warn (vor of/against)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ warnen in Kluge's Etymological Dictionary of the German Language, 1891

Further reading[edit]