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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (man) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 人廿金人 (OTCO), four-corner 22234, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 116, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1094
  • Dae Jaweon: page 247, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 218, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+50D5

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (僕), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 屋
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 蒲木切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/buk̚/ /bʱuk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/ /bəwk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/
Character (僕), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 沃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 蒲沃切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/buok̚/ /bʱuok̚/ /bok̚/ /buok̚/ /bawk̚/ /buok̚/ /bok̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ buwk › /*[b]ˤok/ charioteer, servant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9895 0 /*boːɡ/
9899 1 /*buːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. slave, servant
    /   ―  rén  ―  servant

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. me
  2. I (male)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana ぼく, alternative reading ボク, romaji boku)

  1. I (personal pronoun; implies that the speaker is a young boy or otherwise boyish)
  2. you; he; she (when the person to which this refers uses this term to refer to themselves, or is one who is assumed to use it, such as a young boy)

Usage notes[edit]

If used by an adult male, semi-formal; in formal conversation is preferred, while in casual conversation is preferred.

See also[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しもべ, romaji shimobe)

  1. manservant; servant

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bok) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pok, Yale pok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bộc, bọc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]