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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓山心 (NUP), four-corner 27331, composition)

  1. hatred, enmity, resentment

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 382, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10479
  • Dae Jaweon: page 711, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2281, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6028

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (怨), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於袁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔʉɐn/ /ʔi̯wɐn/ /ʔiuɐn/ /ʔʷiɐn/ /ʔuan/ /ĭwɐn/ /ʔiuɐn/
Character (怨), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 於願切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔʉɐnH/ /ʔi̯wɐnH/ /ʔiuɐnH/ /ʔʷiɐnH/ /ʔuanH/ /ĭwɐnH/ /ʔiuɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuàn ‹ 'jwonH › /*[ʔ]o[r]-s/ resentment

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16286 3 /*qon/
16305 3 /*qons/

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. grudge
  2. resentment
  3. jealous

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(oán)

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