consul

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See also: cónsul and cônsul

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia enWikipedia en

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Latin cōnsul.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

consul (plural consuls)

  1. An official residing in a foreign country in order to protect the interests of citizens from his or her nation.
  2. (historical) Either of the two highest-ranking officials of the Roman Republic.
  3. (historical) One of the three chief magistrates of France from 1799 to 1804.
  4. (obsolete) A senator; a counsellor.
    • Shakespeare
      Many of the consuls, raised and met, / Are at the duke's already.
    • Bible, Job. iii. 14 (Douay version)
      With kings and consuls of the earth.

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Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

consul c (plural consuls)

  1. consul (official in foreign country)
  2. (historical) consul (of the Roman Republic)

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cōnsul.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

consul m (plural consuls, feminine consule)

  1. (historical) consul (Roman official)

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Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cōnsul (consul).

Noun[edit]

consul m (plural consuls)

  1. consul

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Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia la

Bas-relief of Flavius Anastasius Paulus Probus Sabinianus Pompeius (consul 517 AD) in consular garb.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin consol. Maybe related with the Latin verb consulere but details are not clear.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cōnsul m (genitive cōnsulis); third declension

  1. consul; either of the two highest-ranking officials of the Roman republic, elected annually
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations (Latin text and English translations here)
      O tempora, o mores! Senatus haec intellegit, consul videt; hic tamen vivit. Vivit?
      "Shame on the age and on its principles! The senate is aware of these things; the consul sees them; and yet this man lives. Lives!"
  2. a proconsul
  3. the highest magistrate in other states
  4. an epithet of the god Jupiter

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative cōnsul cōnsulēs
genitive cōnsulis cōnsulum
dative cōnsulī cōnsulibus
accusative cōnsulem cōnsulēs
ablative cōnsule cōnsulibus
vocative cōnsul cōnsulēs

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “console” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2
  • consul in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879