From Middle English spear, spere, from Old English spere, from Proto-Germanic *speri (compare West Frisian spear, Dutch speer, German Speer, Old Norse spjör), from *sparron (compare Middle Dutch sparre (“rafter”), Old Norse sparri (“spar, rafter”), sperra (“rafter, beam”)), from Proto-Indo-European *spar- (compare Latin sparus (“short spear”), Albanian ferrë (“thorn, thornbush”)).
spear (plural spears)
- A long stick with a sharp tip used as a weapon for throwing or thrusting, or anything used to make a thrusting motion.
- (now chiefly historical) A soldier armed with such a weapon; a spearman.
- 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, p. 187:
- Two of the four spears came directly from Lady Margaret's staff. One was her great-nephew Maurice St John […].
- A sharp tool used by fishermen to retrieve fish.
- (ice hockey) an illegal maneuver using the end of a hockey stick to strike into another hockey player.
- (wrestling) a running tackle on an opponent performed in professional wrestling.
- A long, thin strip from a vegetable.
- asparagus and broccoli spears
long stick with a sharp tip
- Abkhaz: please add this translation if you can
- Afrikaans: spies (af)
- Armenian: նիզակ (hy) (nizak)
- Asturian: llanza (ast) f
- Avar: please add this translation if you can
- Catalan: llança (ca) f
- Chechen: please add this translation if you can
- Mandarin: 矛 (cmn) (máo)
- Czech: kopí (cs) n
- Danish: spyd (da) n
- Dutch: speer (nl) f, spies (nl) f, lans (nl) f, geer (nl) m
- Estonian: oda (et)
- Faroese: spjót (fo) n
- Finnish: keihäs (fi)
- French: lance (fr)
- Middle French: dart m
- Old French: dart m
- Galician: lanza (gl) f
- Georgian: შუბი (ka) (šubi)
- German: Speer (de) m
- Greek: δόρυ (el) (dóri) n, λόγχη (el) (lónkhi) f
- Hawaiian: ʻō
- Hebrew: חנית (he) (chanít) f, חניתות (he) (chanitót) pl
- Hungarian: dárda (hu), lándzsa (hu)
- Icelandic: spjót (is) n
- Indonesian: tombak (id), lembing (id)
- Italian: lancia (it), asta (it), alabarda (it), picca (it) f
- Japanese: 槍 (ja) (yari), 鑓 (ja) (yari)
- Kriol: barragarl, burdagul
- Latgalian: škāps m, dzyds m
- Latin: hasta (la)
- Latvian: šķēps (lv) m
- Lithuanian: ietis (lt) m
- Macedonian: копје (mk) (kópje) n
- Malay: lembing (ms)
- Mongolian: please add this translation if you can
- Navajo: tsiiʼdétáán
- Ngarrindjeri: kykie
- Norwegian: spyd (no) n, spjut (no) n
- Occitan: lança (oc) f
- Ossetian: please add this translation if you can
- Persian: نیزه (fa) (neyze)
- Pitjantjatjara: kuḻaṯa
- Polish: dzida (pl) f, włócznia (pl) f
- Portuguese: lança (pt) f
- Romanian: lance (ro), suliță (ro)
- Russian: копьё (ru) (kop’jó) n, дротик (ru) (drótik) m
- Scottish Gaelic: sleagh (gd) f, brod (gd) m, gath (gd) m
- Serbo-Croatian: копље (sh) (koplje) n
- Spanish: lanza (es) f
- Swahili: mkuki (sw)
- Swedish: spjut (sv) n
- Tibetan: please add this translation if you can
- Turkish: mızrak (tr), kargı (tr)
- Tuvan: узун чыда (uzun čyda), копьё (kop'jo)
- Ukrainian: спис (uk) (spys) m
- West Frisian: spear (fy)
- ǃXóõ: ǃōo a̰a
sharp tool used by fishermen to retrieve fish
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
- assegai, assagai, assagaie, assagay, assegay, azagaia, hassagay, hassaguay, zagaie, zagaye
- spit, used to grill food on fire
spear (third-person singular simple present spears, present participle spearing, simple past and past participle speared)
- To penetrate or strike with, or as if with, any long narrow object. To make a thrusting motion that catches an object on the tip of a long device.
- (intransitive) To shoot into a long stem, as some plants do.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Mortimer to this entry?)
strike with any long narrow object
- apers, apres, après, aprés, asper, as per, pares, parse, pears, præs., rapes, reaps, RESPA, sarpe, spare
From Proto-Germanic *speri. Compare English spear, Dutch speer, German Speer.
spear c (plural spearen, diminutive spearje, diminutive plural spearjes)