慷慨

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Chinese[edit]

generous; magnanimous generous; sad
simp. and trad.
(慷慨)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (101) (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑŋX/ /kʰʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑŋX/ /kʰəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑŋX/ /kʰɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaŋX/ /kʰəjH/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑŋX/ /kʰᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑŋX/ /kʰɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑŋX/ /kʰɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎng kài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤə[t]-s/
English disappointed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3987 5814
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰlaːŋʔ/ /*kʰɯːds/

Adjective[edit]

慷慨

  1. impassioned; vehement; fervent
  2. forthright; expansive; frank and straightforward
  3. generous; beneficent; big-handed

Verb[edit]

慷慨

  1. to sigh with emotion

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (慷慨):