茉莉

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (茉莉)
simp. #(茉莉)
alternative forms 末利
抹利
抹麗抹丽

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit मालती (mālatī, a kind of jasmine) or मल्लिका (mallikā, a kind of jasmine).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (11) (11) (37)
Final () (17) (19) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖˠiɪ/ /ɖɨ/ /lei/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖᵚi/ /ɖɨ/ /lei/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɪ/ /ȡie/ /lɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖji/ /ɖɨ/ /lɛj/
Li
Rong
/ȡji/ /ȡiə/ /lei/
Wang
Li
/ȡi/ /ȡĭə/ /liei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi/ /ȡʱi/ /liei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí chí

Noun[edit]

茉莉

  1. (white) jasmine (flower) (any of several plants, of the genus Jasminum, mostly native to Asia, having fragrant white or yellow flowers)
  2. perfume obtained from these plants

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (茉莉):

References[edit]

  • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
茉莉 (matsuri): a budding jasmine plant, Jasminum sambac.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
まつ
Jinmeiyō

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Sanskrit मालती (mālatī) or मल्लिका (mallikā), via Middle Chinese 茉莉 (MC ɖˠiɪ|ɖɨ|lei).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まつり, katakana マツリ, rōmaji matsuri)

  1. the jasmine plant
  2. (more generally) a plant of the genus Jasminum
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まつり, rōmaji Matsuri)

  1. (rare) A female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Borrowed from English Mary. The kanji are ateji, as a kind of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まり, katakana マリ, rōmaji Mari)

  1. A female given name from English

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Borrowed from English Marie. The kanji are ateji, as a kind of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まりい, katakana マリー, rōmaji Marī)

  1. (rare) A female given name from English

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Borrowed from English Jasmine. The kanji are ateji, as a kind of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [d͡ʑa̠sɨᵝmʲĩɴ]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana じゃすみん, rōmaji Jasumin, alternative reading ジャズミン, rōmaji Jazumin)

  1. (rare) A female given name from English

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN