茉莉

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Chinese[edit]

jasmine jasmine
simp. and trad.
(茉莉)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit मालती (mālatī) and/or मल्लिका (mallikā).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

茉莉

  1. (white) jasmine (flower) (any of several plants, of the genus Jasminum, mostly native to Asia, having fragrant white or yellow flowers)
  2. perfume obtained from these plants

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (茉莉):

References[edit]

  • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
茉莉 (matsuri): a budding jasmine plant, Jasminum sambac.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
まつ
Jinmeiyō

Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Sanskrit मालती (mālatī) or मल्लिका (mallikā), via Middle Chinese 茉莉 (/mat lei/).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まつり, katakana マツリ, rōmaji matsuri)

  1. the jasmine plant
  2. (more generally) a plant of the genus Jasminum
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まつり, rōmaji Matsuri)

  1. (rare) A female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Borrowing from English Mary. The kanji are ateji, as a kind of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まり, katakana マリ, rōmaji Mari)

  1. A female given name

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Borrowing from English Marie. The kanji are ateji, as a kind of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana まりい, katakana マリー, rōmaji Marī)

  1. (rare) A female given name

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Borrowing from English Jasmine. The kanji are ateji, as a kind of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [d͡ʑa̠sɨᵝmĩɴ]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

茉莉 (hiragana じゃすみん, rōmaji Jasumin, alternative reading ジャズミン, rōmaji Jazumin)

  1. (rare) A female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0