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U+51A5, 冥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51A5

[U+51A4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51A6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 14, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 月日卜金 (BAYC), four-corner 37800, composition or ⿱𠕾)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 130, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1588
  • Dae Jaweon: page 293, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 304, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+51A5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠖇

Glyph origin[edit]

Originally ideogrammic compound (會意): (cloth cover) + (sun) + (two hands). The was later corrupted to .

May also be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *meːŋ): phonetic (OC *meːɡ) + semantic + semantic (Shuowen Jiezi).

Etymology[edit]

An area word for "night"; Compare Proto-Hmong-Mien *ʰməŋH (night), Proto-Bahnaric *maŋ (night), Burmese မည်း (many:, dark; black) (Schuessler, 2007).

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *muːŋ ~ r/s-muːk (foggy; dark; sullen; menacing; thunder).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/meŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/meŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/meŋ/
Wang
Li
/mieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ming4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ meng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁeŋ/
English dark

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*meːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) dark; dim; gloomy; faint
  2. (literary) ignorant; muddled
    頑不靈顽不灵  ―  míngwánbùlíng  ―  obstinate and ignorant
  3. deep; profound
    苦思  ―  kǔsīmíngxiǎng  ―  to think long and hard
  4. the underworld
      ―  míng  ―  the nether world
  5. (obsolete) night
  6. a surname
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 顛冥颠冥.

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 冥眴.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. dark
    Synonym:
  2. underworld; the world of dead people

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

dark
world of dead people
other meaning

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 어두울 (eoduul myeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (dark, gloomy, night).
  2. Hanja form? of (deep).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: minh, mênh, mưng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.