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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



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Akin to deverbal suffixes *-nьje and *-tьje. However, comparison with other Indo-European languages indicates archaicity of denominal formations, which are most likely substantivized adjectives. Compare


*-ьje n

  1. Denominal, forming collective nouns.
    *jedla ‎(spruce, fir) → *jedlьje ‎(fir forest)
    *dǫbъ ‎(tree) → *dǫbьje ‎(trees)
    *kamy, *kamene- ‎(stone) → *kamenьje ‎(stones, rocks)
  2. Denominal, forming nouns denoting various concepts.
    *usta ‎(mouth) → *ustьje ‎(mouth)
    *sъnъ ‎(sleep) → *sъnьje ‎(dream)
  3. Structural formant, without a base noun to synchronically derive from.
    *zna-mę, *zna-men- ‎(sign, signal, mark) → *znamenьje ‎(signs, signals, marks)
  4. Deadjectival, forming nouns denoting a property, state or condition.
    *obilъ ‎(abundant) → *obilьje ‎(abundance)
    *sъdorvъ ‎(healthy) → *sъdorvьje ‎(health)
    *veselъ ‎(happy) → *veselьje ‎(joy, happiness)


Derived terms[edit]

  • *-nьje (deverbal, with a *-n- suffix taken from past passive participle)
  • *-tьje (deverbal, with a *-t- suffix taken from past passive participle)


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ие ‎(-ie)
      • Belarusian: ‎(-je)
      • Russian: -ьё ‎(-ʹjó), -ие ‎(-ije), -ье ‎(-ʹje)
      • Ukrainian: ‎(-ja)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: ‎(-je)
      Glagolitic: -ⱑ ‎(je)
    • Bulgarian: -ье ‎(-ʹe), -ие ‎(-ie)
    • Macedonian: -је ‎(-je)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -је; allomorphic: -ће (<* -t-ьje), -шће (<* -st-ьje) -ње (< *-n-ьje), -ље (< *-l-ьje)
      Latin: -je; allomorphic: -će (<* -t-ьje), -šće (<* -st-ьje) -nje (< *-n-ьje), -lje (< *-l-ьje)
    • Slovene: -je
  • West Slavic: