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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



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Akin to deverbal suffixes *-nьje and *-tьje. However, comparison with other Indo-European languages indicates archaicity of denominal formations, which are most likely substantivized adjectives. Compare


*-ьje n

  1. Denominal, forming collective nouns
    *ostrovъ (island)*ostrovьje (archipelago)
    *jedla (spruce, fir)*jedlьje (fir forest)
    *dǫbъ (tree)*dǫbьje (trees)
    *kamy, *kamene- (stone)*kamenьje (stones, rocks)
  2. Deverbal (from past participle), forming action nouns
    *dati*datъ / *danъ*datьje / *danьje
    (*obrětti >) *obrěsti*obrětenъ*obrětenьje
    (*ostojěti >) *ostojati*ostojanъ*ostojanьje
  3. Denominal, forming nouns denoting various concepts
    *usta (mouth)*ustьje (mouth)
    *sъnъ (sleep)*sъnьje (dream)
  4. Structural formant, without a base noun to synchronically derive from
    *zna-mę, *zna-men- (sign, signal, mark)*znamenьje (signs, signals, marks)
  5. Deadjectival, forming nouns denoting a property, state or condition
    *obilъ (abundant)*obilьje (abundance)
    *sъdorvъ (healthy)*sъdorvьje (health)
    *veselъ (happy)*veselьje (joy, happiness)


See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • *-nьje (deverbal, with a *-n- suffix taken from past passive participle)
  • *-tьje (deverbal, with a *-t- suffix taken from past passive participle)


  • East Slavic:
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Cyrillic: (-je)
      Glagolitic: -ⱑ (je)
    • Bulgarian: -ье (-ʹe), -ие (-ie)
    • Macedonian: -је (-je)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -је; allomorphic: -ће (<* -t-ьje), -шће (<* -st-ьje) -ње (< *-n-ьje), -ље (< *-l-ьje)
      Latin: -je; allomorphic: -će (<* -t-ьje), -šće (<* -st-ьje) -nje (< *-n-ьje), -lje (< *-l-ьje)
    • Slovene: -je
  • West Slavic: