brath

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See also: bráð

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English brath, broth, braith, from Old Norse bráðr ‎(hasty, sudden), from Proto-Germanic *brēþaz ‎(hot, in a hurry, rushed), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrē-, *bʰerē- ‎(steam, vapour), from *bʰer- ‎(to seethe, toss about, cook). Cognate with Icelandic bráður ‎(quick, hasty, excited), Swedish bråd ‎(hasty, sudden, urgent), Danish bråd ‎(hasty, sudden). Related to breath, brew.

Adjective[edit]

brath ‎(comparative brather or more brath, superlative brathest or most brath)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Hasty; violent; fierce; strong.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English brath, from Old Norse bráð ‎(haste), from bráðr ‎(hasty). See above.

Noun[edit]

brath ‎(uncountable)

  1. (Britain dialectal) Violence; fierceness; anger; fury; fit of rage.

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish brath, later form of mrath, mbrath ‎(act of betraying; treachery, betrayal; act of spying, reconnoitring; act of revealing; revelation, sign; act of depending (on); dependence, something depending (on)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Cois Fharraige) IPA(key): /bˠɾˠa/

Noun[edit]

brath m ‎(genitive singular as substantive braith, genitive as verbal noun braite)

  1. verbal noun of braith
  2. perception, feeling, detection
  3. spying, betrayal
  4. expectation, intention; dependence, reliance (with ar ‎(on))
    Tá mé ag brath ort.
    I’m relying on you.
Declension[edit]

Verbal noun:

Substantive:

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
brath bhrath mbrath
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "brath" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • brath” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish brath, later form of mrath, mbrath ‎(act of betraying; treachery, betrayal; act of spying, reconnoitring; act of revealing; revelation, sign; act of depending (on); dependence, something depending (on)).

Noun[edit]

brath m ‎(genitive singular bratha)

  1. knowledge, notice, informing, information
  2. treachery, advantage by unfair means, betraying, spying
  3. treason, betrayal
  4. intention, design
  5. pursuit of information
  6. expectation
  7. opinion, idea, guess
  8. mass, lump
  9. lie
  10. dependance

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
brath bhrath
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • brath” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.