clad

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Alternative perfect and past participle of clothe: Old English geclæþd, past participle of clæþan (to clothe), from clað (cloth). Compare Icelandic klæða (to clothe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

clad (third-person singular simple present clads, present participle cladding, simple past and past participle clad or cladded)

  1. (past tense "clad") To clothe.
    • 1478, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, General Prologue, 101-104, [1]
      A YEMAN hadde he and servantz namo / At that tyme, for hym liste ride soo; / And he was clad in cote and hood of grene.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, Book I, Canto Two, stanza 6, [2]
      At last faire Hesperus in highest skie / Had spent his lampe and brought forth dawning light, / Then up he rose, and clad him hastily; / The Dwarfe him brought his steed: so both away do fly.
    • c. 1592, Christopher Marlowe, Edward II, Act I, Scene 1, [3]
      Music and poetry is his delight; / Therefore I'll have Italian masks by night, / Sweet speeches, comedies, and pleasing shows; / And in the day, when he shall walk abroad, / Like sylvan nymphs my pages shall be clad;
    • c. 1600, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act I, Scene 1, [4]
      But look, the morn, in russet mantle clad, / Walks o’er the dew of yon high eastward hill.
    • 1611, Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible, 1 Kings 11:29, [5]
      And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field;
    • 1726, Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels, Part III, Chapter II, [6]
      Those to whom the king had entrusted me, observing how ill I was clad, ordered a tailor to come next morning, and take measure for a suit of clothes.
    • 1798, William Wordsworth, "We Are Seven" in William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lyrical Ballads, [7]
      She had a rustic, woodland air, / And she was wildly clad; / Her eyes were fair, and very fair, / —He beauty made me glad.
    • 1875, Patrick Smollett, Hansard, 7 April, 1875, [8]
      Those ladies came over to champion "Woman's rights," and proclaim the equality of the sexes; and to show they had a right to do so, they assumed, or rather usurped male attire—they clad themselves in breeches
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter VIII,
      But what interested me most was the slender figure of a dainty girl, clad only in a thin bit of muslin which scarce covered her knees--a bit of muslin torn and ragged about the lower hem.
    • 2009, Lester D. Langley, Simón Bolívar: Venezuelan Rebel, American Revolutionary, Rowman & Littlefield, Chapter 4, p. 75,
      His followers were neither ideologues nor philosophers nor clerics but shabbily clad fifteen-year-olds who looked twice their age []
  2. (past tense "clad" or "cladded") To cover (with insulation or another material); to surround, envelop.
    • 1596, Thomas Lodge, Dedication, A Margarite of America, in Clara Gebert (ed.), An Anthology of Elizabethan Dedications and Prefaces, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1933, p. 115, [9]
      [] many bitter and extreme frosts at midsummer continually clothe and clad the discomfortable mountaines []
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book VII, 313-6, [10]
      He scarce had said, when the bare earth, till then / Desert and bare, unsightly, unadorned, / Brought forth the tender grass whose verdure clad / Her universal face with pleasant green,
    • 1896, Fiona Macleod, The Washer of the Ford and Other Legendary Moralities, New York: Duffield & Co., 1910, p. 297, Chapter 6, [11]
      Naked she was, though clad with soft white moonlight.
    • 1972, B. W. Lifka and D. O. Sprowls, "Significance of Intergranular Corrosion in High-Strength Aluminum Alloy Products" in Localized Corrosion — Cause of Metal Failure, American Society for Testing and Materials, Special Technical Publication 516, p. 122, [12]
      Subsequently E. H. Dix, Jr., at Alcoa Research Laboratories established methods to metallurgically clad commercial aluminum to both sides of a 2017-T4 (then known as 17S-T) sheet to obtain outstanding corrosion protection.
  3. (figuratively) To imbue (with a specified quality)
    • 1559, "The forme of Ordering of Priests" in The Book of Common Prayer,
      Most merciful Father, we beseech thee so to send upon these thy servantes thy heavenly blessing, that they may bee clad about with all justice []
    • 1599, Thomas Dekker, Old Fortunatus, Act V, Scene 2, [13]
      O folly, thou hast power to make flesh glad, / When the rich soul in wretchedness is clad.
    • 1943, Percy Harris, Hansard, 26 May, 1943, [14]
      The other day I was looking up some records of the Parliamentary Debates of the past, and I found my hon. Friend the Member for Dundee (Mr. Foot), who is now clad in all the majesty of a Minister and sits on the Treasury bench without regard to his murky past, moved a Motion on one of those pleasant Fridays []
    • 1976, Saul Bellow, To Jerusalem and Back, New York: Viking, p. 37,
      He is one of those bulky men clad in sensitivity.
  4. (archaic) simple past tense and past participle of clothe

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

clad (not comparable)

  1. (in compounds) Wearing clothing of a specified type.
    • 1881, Oscar Wilde, "Charmides" in Poems, [15]
      [] from his nook up leapt the venturous lad, / And flinging wide the cedar-carven door / Beheld an awful image saffron-clad / And armed for battle!
    • 1912, James Stephens, Mary, Mary (The Charwoman's Daughter), New York: Boni & Liveright, Chapter X, p. 66, [16]
      Her downcast eyes were almost mesmerized by the huge tweed-clad knees which towered like monoliths beside her.
    • 1921, John Dos Passos, Three Soldiers, New York: The Modern Library, 1932, Part One, p. 35, [17]
      Everything was lost in a scene from a movie in which khaki-clad regiments marched fast, fast across the scene.
    • 1964, Hajime Nakamura, Ways of Thinking of Eastern Peoples: India–China–Tibet–Japan, edited by Philip P. Wiener, translator not credited, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, p. 142, [18]
      The radical conservatives of the Jain monks were called “Digambara—the sky-clad.” They went about completely naked, or in other words, “clothed in space.”
    • 1981, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Detained: A Writer's Prison Diary, London: Heinemann, Section One, p. 111,
      There his chains would be removed and he would be ushered into the waiting-room for a five-minute chat with his wife surrounded on all sides by security men and civilian-clad prison warders.
    • 2001, Daryl Hine, translator, Puerilities: Erotic Epigrams of The Greek Anthology, Princeton University Press, CXXV, p. 59,
      Love brought between my sheets a laughing lad / One night. Eighteen years old, he was half-clad, / Like a young boy: what a sweet dream!
    • 2007, Carolin Duttlinger, Kafka and Photography, Oxford University Press, Chapter 7, p. 214,
      In the original photograph, the two leaders are followed by a single pair of uniform-clad men, but in Kafka's symmetrical arrangement, there are two pairs of attendants, each pair facing each other.
  2. (in compounds) Covered, enveloped in or surrounded by a specified material or substance.
    • 1879, Robert Louis Stevenson, Travels with a Donkey in the Cévennes, New York: Century, 1907, p. 25, [19]
      On all sides, Goudet is shut in by mountains; rocky foot-paths, practicable at best for donkeys, join it to the outer world of France; and the men and women drink and swear, in their green corner, or look up at the snow-clad peaks in winter from the threshold of their homes []
    • 1887, Hall Caine, The Deemster, London: Chatto & Windus, Vol. II, Chapter XXVIII, p. 283, [20]
      Into this book-clad room it followed the Bishop, with blue eyes and laughter on the red lips []
    • 1929, Robinson Jeffers, "Evening Ebb" in The Selected Poetry of Robinson Jeffers, New York: Random House, 1937, p. 263, [21]
      The sun has gone down, and the water has gone down / From the weed-clad rock, but the distant cloud-wall rises.
    • 1941, Sinclair Lewis, "A Note on Book Collecting" in The Man from Main Street, New York: Pocket Books, 1963, p. 101,
      [] I can remember every volume among the three or four hundred books that made up the library of my father, the country doctor—three or four hundred besides those portentous leather-clad depositories of medical mystery filled with color plates depicting the awful intimacies of the innards;
    • 1963, Harry L. Garver, "Lightning Protection for the Farm" in Farmers' Bulletin, U.S. Government, Issue 2136, p. 8, [22]
      Copper and copper-clad steel resist corrosion indefinitely in soil that is relatively free from ammonia.
    • 1987, Sol M. Michaelson and James C. Lin, Biological Effects and Health Implications of Radiofrequency Radiation, New York and London: Plenum Press, Chapter 3, p. 84, [23]
      The probe is constructed from plastic-clad silica fiber with an FPA Teflon jacket to prevent ambient light from being scattered into the system.
    • 2011, Colin Imber, "The Ottoman Empire (tenth/sixteenth century)" in Maribel Fierro, The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 2: The Western Islamic World: Eleventh to Eighteenth Centuries, Cambridge University Press, p. 353,
      The second half of the century also saw the artistic peak of ceramic production at İzniq, with the finest products of the İzniq kilns made visible to the public in the tile-clad walls of the mosques of Rüstem Pasha (968/1561) and Șoqollu Meḥmed Pasha (979/1571) in Istanbul, both by Sinān.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]