fuil

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish fuil, from Old Irish fuil.

Noun[edit]

fuil f (genitive singular fola, nominative plural fola)

  1. blood
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish fil, originally an imperative meaning ‘see’, from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (see), cognate with Welsh gweld (to see), Latin voltus (face). For the semantic development 'see here' > 'here is' compare French voici and voilà.

Verb[edit]

fuil

  1. present indicative dependent analytic of
    An bhfuil sé anseo?
    Is he here?
    Creidim go bhfuil sí imithe
    I believe she is gone.
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

fuil

  1. Alternative form of fail

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fuil fhuil bhfuil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fuil.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fuil f (i-stem, genitive fola)

  1. blood
  2. (by extension) a wound

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: fuil
  • Manx: fuill
  • Scottish Gaelic: fuil

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fuil ḟuil fuil
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wolis, from Proto-Indo-European *welh₃- (to strike, wound).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fuil f (genitive folo)

  1. blood
  2. (by extension) a wound

Inflection[edit]

Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative fuil fuilL fuiliH
Vocative fuil fuilL fuiliH
Accusative fuilN fuilL fuiliH
Genitive foloH, folaH foloH, folaH fuileN
Dative fuilL fuilib fuilib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fuil ḟuil fuil
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish fuil, from Old Irish fuil.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fuil f (genitive singular fala, no plural)

  1. blood
  2. family, tribe, kindred
  3. bloodshed
  4. wound
  5. breeding
  6. temper, nature

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
fuil fhuil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • fuil” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “fuil”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language