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Lidot (1)



Originally the iterative form of *list, from Proto-Baltic *lid-ti, from the same stem as laist (to let, to allow): Proto-Indo-European *leyd-, *līd-, *lid- (to let go, to allow). The synonyms lidot and laisties are therefore reflexes of the same original stem. The original meaning was probably “to let go,” from which “to fly.” In Indo-European languages, it is common that the notion “to fly” be expressed by a verb also meaning, or having previously meant, some other kind of motion: cf. Lithuanian lė̃kti (to fly; to run), Latin volāre (to fly; to rush), Ancient Greek βάλλω (bállō, to throw). Cognates include Lithuanian lydúoti (to wait, to postpone; to settle, to let (time) go; to give permission; to be tolerant; to decrease, to weaken (of frost)), Old Church Slavonic летѣти (letěti, to fly), Russian лететь (letetʹ), летать (letatʹ).[1]


  • IPA(key): [liduôt]
  • Audio:(file)



lidot (intransitive, 2nd conjugation, present lidoju, lido, lido, past lidoju)

  1. (in 3rd person, of birds, insects) to fly (to move in the air with the help of wings)
    kaijas lido virs jūrasgulls fly over the sea
    spāre lido klusithe dragonfly flies quietly
    sikspārņi lido krēslābats fly at dusk
  2. (of aircraft, their passengers) to fly (to move in the air)
    helikopters lido virs mežathe helicopter is flying over the forest
    modernās lidmašīnas lido ātri un augstumodern airplanes fly fast and high
    Herta pirka biļeti, lai lidotu uz RīguHerta bought a ticket to fly to Rīga
  3. (of projectiles) to fly (to be thrown so as move quickly through the air)
    šāviņi lidoja gar zemi un urbās kalnā kā lieli lemešithe projectiles fly along the earth and dig into the hill like big plowshares
  4. (of people) to fly, to run (to move quickly)
    Mirdza negāja pa kāpnēm, viņa skrēja, lidoja un, elpu neatņēmusi, atrāva istabas durvisMirdza didn't go upstairs, she ran, she flew, and, without losing breath, tore the room door open
  5. (of light things) to fly (to be carried by the air)
    pāri kalnam veseliem klēpjiem lido pieneņu pūkasdandelion fluff flies across the whole mountain
    sarkanas dzirksteles no ugunskura lidored sparks flew from the fire
  6. (of lights, smells) to fly, to spread
    viegla smarža, saldi rūgta kā medus tvaiks, lidoja gaisāa light odor, bittersweet as honey, flew in the air
    Veidenbaums runāja paklusu, tomēr vārdi lidoja kā bezdelīgasVeidenbaums talked softly, but the words flew like swallows
  7. (figuratively, of news, information) to fly, to spread quickly
    vēstis lido vēja ātrumāthe news flies with the speed of the wind
  8. (figuratively, of looks, views) to fly, to turn to something far away
    skats lidoja līdzi putniem brīvā vaļāthe view flew' out freely with the birds
  9. (figuratively, of thoughts) to fly, to run
    viņa domas arī šovakar lido pie Ivasher thoughts tonight also fly around Iva
  10. (figuratively, of time) to fly, to pass quickly
    gadi kā mākoņi lido, mūžībā aizslid un gaistyears fly like clouds, eternity slips and disappears
  11. (colloquial, of people) to behave very kindly to someone in order to win his or her favor
    cauru nedēļu ap viņu tiku lidojsI have been flying around her (= a girl) the whole week





Derived terms

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “lidot”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN