madu

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See also: madú

Afar[edit]

Madu.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmadu/, [ˈmʌdʊ]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧du

Noun[edit]

mádu m (feminine moltá)

  1. male lion

Declension[edit]

Declension of mádu
absolutive mádu
predicative mádu
subjective madí
genitive madí
Postpositioned forms
l-case mádul
k-case máduk
t-case mádut
h-case máduh

Hypernyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “madu”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

madu

  1. Romanization of ᬫᬵᬤᬸ (to fight)
  2. Romanization of ᬫᬥᬸ (honey)

Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et
Odapeamadu (Trimeresurus)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *mato, see there for further etymology. Cognates include Finnish mato (worm), Votic mato, Ingrian mato, Livvi mado, Ludian mado and Veps mado.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɑd̥u/, [ˈmɑd̥u]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑdu
  • Hyphenation: ma‧du

Noun[edit]

madu (genitive mao, partitive madu)

  1. snake
    mürgised maodpoisonous snakes
    maona looklev järjekorda winding queue (like a snake)
    Madu nõelas poissi jalga.
    The snake stung the boy's leg.
    Eestis esinevad madudest rästik ja nastik.
    The most common snakes in Estonia are the viper and the grass snake.
  2. (figuratively) a mean, sneaky, deceitful person

Usage notes[edit]

Madu is commonly used for larger, poisonous snakes, whereas smaller snakes, that are native to Estonia, such as a viper or a grass snake are referred to as uss.

Declension[edit]

Declension of madu (ÕS type 18/nägu, d-ø gradation)
singular plural
nominative madu maod
accusative nom.
gen. mao
genitive madude
partitive madu madusid
illative mattu
maosse
madudesse
inessive maos madudes
elative maost madudest
allative maole madudele
adessive maol madudel
ablative maolt madudelt
translative maoks madudeks
terminative maoni madudeni
essive maona madudena
abessive maota madudeta
comitative maoga madudega

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • madu in Sõnaveeb
  • M. Langemets, M. Tiits, T. Valdre, L. Veskis, Ü. Viks, P. Voll, editors (2009), “madu”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language]‎[2] (online dictionary, in Estonian), 2nd edition, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation)

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmadu]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧du

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Malay madu, from Sanskrit मधु (mádhu).

Noun[edit]

madu (first-person possessive maduku, second-person possessive madumu, third-person possessive madunya)

  1. honey
  2. (figurative) sweet substance.

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Malay madu, from Old Javanese madu, maru (co-wife, jealous) (compare Indonesian mendua). Comparable to Chinese (, honey, mistress).

Noun[edit]

madu (first-person possessive maduku, second-person possessive madumu, third-person possessive madunya)

  1. mistress, the other woman,
    1. in polygyny relation.
    2. (figurative) in other type of relation.
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

madu

  1. Romanization of ꦩꦢꦸ.

Malay[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sanskrit मधु (mádhu).

Noun[edit]

madu (Jawi spellingمادو⁩, plural madu-madu, informal 1st possessive maduku, 2nd possessive madumu, 3rd possessive madunya)

  1. honey
    Synonyms: air lebah, manisan lebah, misan, ningsan, nisan

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, perhaps as semantic loan from Chinese (, honey, mistress).

Noun[edit]

madu (plural madu-madu, informal 1st possessive maduku, 2nd possessive madumu, 3rd possessive madunya)

  1. mistress or wife in a polygyny relation.
    1. (figurative) in other type of relation.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Indonesian: madu

References[edit]

  • Edi Sedyawati et al. (1994). Kosakata Bahasa Sanskerta dalam Bahasa Melayu Masa Kini. Jakarta, Indonesia: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia. pp. 73–4.
  • Pijnappel, Jan (1875), “مادو madoe”, in Maleisch-Hollandsch woordenboek, John Enschede en Zonen, Frederik Muller, pages 126-7
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1901), “مادو madu”, in A Malay-English dictionary, Hong Kong: Kelly & Walsh limited, page 633
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1932), “madu”, in A Malay-English dictionary (romanised), volume II, Mytilene, Greece: Salavopoulos & Kinderlis, pages 84-5

Further reading[edit]

Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Affixed ro, rwa (two) +‎ ma- (active verb prefix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

madu

  1. co-wife (in a polygamous marriage)

Adjective[edit]

madu

  1. jealous

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • >? Malay: madu
    • > Indonesian: madu (inherited)

Sundanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

madu

  1. Romanization of ᮙᮓᮥ