olt

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See also: Olt, òlt, Òlt, ölt, -olt, and -ölt

Alemannic German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, Dutch oud, English old.

Adjective[edit]

olt

  1. (Carcoforo) old

References[edit]

  • “olt” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Bavarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German alt, from Old High German alt, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with German alt, Dutch oud, English old, Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌸𐌴𐌹𐍃 (alþeis).

Adjective[edit]

olt

  1. (Sauris, Timau) old

References[edit]

  • “olt” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈolt]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From a variant of the same Proto-Finno-Ugric stem as alszik (to sleep) + -t (causative suffix).[1]

Verb[edit]

olt

  1. (transitive, of fire) to extinguish, to put out
    Synonyms: elolt, kiolt
  2. (transitive, of light) to switch off
    Synonyms: elolt, leolt, lekapcsol
  3. (transitive, of thirst) to quench
  4. (transitive, of milk) to curdle
    Synonym: beolt
  5. (transitive) to slake (lime, compound of calcium)
    Synonym: beolt
  6. (transitive, slang) to roast, to criticize, to flame (for fun, maybe only on the speaker's side, maybe both)
    Synonyms: leolt, oltogat, kritizál

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of debated origin: [1]

  1. From Proto-Ugric *alɜ- (to add/fasten to something, fit).[2]
  2. Native development from the archaic avik (to intrude).

Verb[edit]

olt

  1. (transitive, medicine) to inoculate, to vaccinate (by injection)
  2. (transitive) to graft

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ Entry #1721 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon āld, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with English old, Dutch oud, German alt, West Frisian âld.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Stem vowel: ô²
    • (originally) IPA(key): /ɔːlt/ or IPA(key): /ɔlt/
    • While the combination /ld/ originally lengthened the vowel in Old Saxon, in several Middle Low German dialects it was treated like a geminate, or had actually become /lː/, and in turn shortened long vowels occurring before it. Further, the vowel was shortened before /lt/ from final obstruent devoicing. Dialects then often begun to apply the more common vowel length across all forms.

Adjective[edit]

ôlt or olt (comparative ôlder or ö̂lder or êlder, superlative ôldest or ö̂ldest or êldest)

  1. old

Alternative forms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]