olt

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See also: Olt, òlt, Òlt, ölt, -olt, and -ölt

Alemannic German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

olt

  1. (Carcoforo) old

References[edit]

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a variant of the same Proto-Finno-Ugric stem as alszik (to sleep) +‎ -t (causative suffix). [1]

Verb[edit]

olt

  1. (of fire) to extinguish, to put out
  2. (of light) to switch off
  3. (of thirst) to quench
  4. (of milk) to curdle
  5. to slake (lime, compound of calcium)
  6. (slang) to criticize, to flame (for fun, maybe only on the speaker's side, maybe both)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of debated origin: [1]

  1. From Proto-Ugric *alɜ- (to add/fasten to something, fit) [2]
  2. Native development from the archaic avik (to intrude).

Verb[edit]

olt

  1. (transitive, medicine) to inoculate, to vaccinate (by injection)
  2. to graft

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ Entry #1721 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Middle Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon āld, from Proto-Germanic *aldaz. Cognate with English old, Dutch oud, German alt, West Frisian âld.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Stem vowel: ô²
    • (originally) IPA(key): /ɔːlt/ or IPA(key): /ɔlt/
    • While the combination /ld/ originally lengthened the vowel in Old Saxon, in several Middle Low German dialects it was treated like a geminate, or had actually become /lː/, and in turn shortened long vowels occurring before it. Further, the vowel was shortened before /lt/ from final obstruent devoicing. Dialects then often begun to apply the more common vowel length across all forms.

Adjective[edit]

ôlt or olt (comparative ôlder or ö̂lder or êlder, superlative ôldest or ö̂ldest or êldest)

  1. old

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Low German: old
  • dialectal German: oll