English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from scrutiny Medieval Latin scrūtinium ( “ a search, an inquiry ” ), from Vulgar Latin scrūtor ( “ to search or examine thoroughly ” ), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Late Latin scrūta ( “ rubbish, broken trash ” ); or of origin, related to Germanic Old English scrūtnung ( “ examination, investigation, inquiry, search ” ), from , scrūtnian scrūdnian ( “ to examine carefully, scrutinize, consider, investigate ” ), from Proto-Germanic , *skrudōną *skruþōną ( “ to search, examine ” ), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)krewt- ( “ to cut ” ). Compare Old High German , skrodōn , scrutōn scrutilōn ( “ to research, explore ” ), Old High German scrod ( “ a search, scrutiny ” ), Old English scrēadian ( “ to shred, cut up, cut off, peel, pare, prune ” ). More at .
Pronunciation [ edit ]
IPA (: key) /ˈskɹuː.tɪ.ni/, /ˈskɹuːʔ.n̩.i/ Hyphenation:
scrutiny ( usually , uncountable plural )
study of someone or something.
, 1834 L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter XVII, in Francesca Carrara., volume II, London: [ … ] Richard Bentley, [ … ] , (successor to Henry Colburn), , →OCLC page : 189 So much for the occupant of the britscha, who waits, as all the horses are out at a ball or a scrutiny. , Patrick Spedding, James Lambert, “Fanny Hill, Lord Fanny, and the Myth of Metonymy”, in 2011 Studies in Philology, volume 108, number 1, page 109: Certainly, upon closer scrutiny, it becomes apparent that current usage rather than eighteenth-century usage is the basis of the interpretation of fanny as a sexual term. Thorough
inspection of a situation or a case.
come under scrutiny January, “Talking of Trains: N.& W.-Virginian merger”, in 1960 Trains Illustrated, page 9: A number of other mergers of U.S. railroads are mooted, but the I.C.C. [Interstate Commerce Commission] has made it clear that its assent to the N.& W.-Virginian proposal, which was unopposed by competitors or stockholders, should not be taken as an indication that others will swiftly pass its scrutiny.
( Christianity ) An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day. A
ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written. An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
, William Dougal Christie, 1872 The Ballot, and Corruption and Expenditure at Elections: The Returning Officer on the day appointed to make a scrutiny of the poll
Synonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Related terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
подробно изследване n ( podrobno izsledvane ) Dutch:
, nauwkeurig onderzoek , kritisch onderzoek navorsing (nl) Esperanto:
tarkastelu , (fi) tarkastus (fi) Galician:
escrutinio (gl) m German:
genaue Untersuchung , f genaue Beobachtung f Greek:
εξονυχιστική έρευνα f ( exonychistikí érevna )
Ancient: ἐπίγνωσις f ( epígnōsis ) Hungarian:
tanulmányozás (hu) Italian:
scrutinio (it) , m valutazione (it) f Japanese:
精査 (ja) ( せいさ, saisa ) Norwegian:
, finlesing granskning (no) , m or f ettersyn
nøye undersøkelse Nynorsk: granskning , f ettersyn f or n Occitan:
موشکافی (fa) ( mušekâfi ) Portuguese:
escrutínio (pt) m Russian:
тща́тельное иссле́дование n ( tščátelʹnoje isslédovanije ) Spanish:
escrutinio (es) , m escudriño (es) , m escudriñamiento (es) m Tagalog:
పరిశీలన (te) ( pariśīlana ) Turkish: yoğunlaşmak (tr)
Translations to be checked
scrutiny ( third-person singular simple present , scrutinies present participle , scrutinying simple past and past participle )
( obsolete , rare ) To scrutinize.
Further reading [ edit ]
scrutiny”, in , Springfield, Mass.: Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary G. & C. Merriam, 1913, . →OCLC “
scrutiny”, in , New York, N.Y.: The Century Dictionary [ … ] The Century Co., 1911, . →OCLC "
Scrutiny" in the Catholic Encyclopedia 1916, John R. Clark, "A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students", scrûtnung
Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.). Scrutnung. Retrieved September 18, 2011, from http://bosworth.ff.cuni.cz/027060