scrutiny

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English scrutiny, from Medieval Latin scrūtinium ‎(a search, an inquiry), from Vulgar Latin scrūtārī ‎(to search or examine thoroughly), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Late Latin scrūta ‎(rubbish, broken trash); or of Germanic origin, related to Old English scrūtnung ‎(examination, investigation, inquiry, search), from Old English scrūtnian, scrūdnian ‎(to examine carefully, scrutinize, consider, investigate), from Proto-Germanic *skrudōną, *skruþōną ‎(to search, examine), from Proto-Germanic *skrud-, *skruþ- ‎(to cut), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreut- ‎(to cut). Compare Old High German skrodōn, scrutōn, scrutilōn ‎(to research, explore), Old High German scrod ‎(a search, scrutiny), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌷𐍂𐌿𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌽 ‎(andhruskan, to investigate, explore), Old English scrēadian ‎(to shred, cut up, cut off, peel, pare, prune). More at shred.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈskɹuː.tɪ.ni/
  • Hyphenation: scru‧ti‧ny
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

scrutiny ‎(plural scrutinies)

  1. Intense study of someone or something.
    • Milton
      Thenceforth I thought thee worth my nearer view / And narrower scrutiny.
  2. Thorough inspection of a situation or a case.
  3. An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.
  4. A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written.
  5. An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Brande & C to this entry?)

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

scrutiny ‎(third-person singular simple present scrutinies, present participle scrutinying, simple past and past participle scrutinied)

  1. (obsolete, rare) To scrutinize.

External links[edit]