unterstehen

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German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German understān, understēn. Compare Low German onderstaan, English understand. Synchronically analyzable as unter- +‎ stehen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

unterstehen (irregular strong, third-person singular present untersteht, past tense unterstand, past participle unterstanden, past subjunctive unterstände or unterstünde, auxiliary haben)

  1. to be subordinate to
    Du unterstehst meiner Aufsicht.You are under my charge.
  2. (reflexive) to dare, to have the audacity
Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

unterstehen (irregular strong, third-person singular present steht unter, past tense stand unter, past participle untergestanden, past subjunctive stände unter or stünde unter, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive) to shelter, to take shelter
    Ich stehe unter einem Dach unter.I take shelter under a rooftop.
Usage notes[edit]

Only the auxiliary haben is used in northern and central Germany. In southern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, sein is common in the vernacular and also, alternatively, in standard usage.

Conjugation[edit]

Further reading[edit]