uzdot

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From uz- +‎ dot (give).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

uzdot tr., no conj., pres. uzdodu, uzdod, uzdod, past uzdevu

  1. to raise, to lift, e.g., hay, straw, etc.
    uzdot sienu uz vezumato lift, load hay on a cart (e.g., with pitchforks)
    uzdot uz kaudzesto lift (= put) (hay) in heaps
    vīrieši rudzu kūlīšus pienesa pie kuļmašīnas un uzdeva augšāthe men brought the rye sheaves to the threshing mashine and gave (= put, threw) it up (on it)
  2. to give someone a task (to carry out), a problem (to solve), to ask someone a question
    uzdot izstrādāt projektuto give (someone) a project to work on
    uzdot paziņot par sanāksmito ask for a meeting to be announced
    uzdot jautājumus lieciniekiemto ask the witnesses questions
    uzdot skolēniem grūtu aritmētikas uzdevumuto give the students a difficult arithmetic problem
    Einšteina zinātniskais lielums, mūsuprāt, visspilgtāk izpaudās spējā uzdot jautājumus, no kuriem kļūst neomulīgiEinstein's scientific greatness is, in our opinion, most vividly expressed in his capacity to ask questions that make us uncomfortable
  3. to give, to provide (information), to make (something) be known, to declare (something) as (something)
    es viņai uzdevu tavu adresiI ģave her your address
    viņš vairs neatcerējās, ka reiz Inai uzdevis savas darbavietas tālrunihe didn't remember anymore that he had given Ina his work phone number
    uzdot kaimiņu par liecinieku tiesāto give (= declare) a neighbor as a witness in court
    uzdot pie vainīguto give (= declare) (someone) as guilty
    uzdot kādu pie tiesasto give (= sue) someone in court
    mašīna pēc uzdotās programmas vada eksperimentu, skaitļo un koriģēthe machine, after (= following) the given program, carries out an experiment, computes (the results) and corrects (them)
  4. (music, of tones, voices) to give (to make, e.g. a choir, sing at the desired volume and pitch by producing the first few sounds, notes; also metaphorically)
    Ārgals aizsteidzās sakārtot un jau iepriekš uzdot balsis, lai kamertonis nav jātinkšina vēlāk, publikas priekšāĀrgals hurried to arrange (everything) and give voices (= tone) in advance, so that later it wouldn't be necessary to sound the tuning fork in front of the public
    sarunai toni, kā zināms, uzdod pārskata ziņojumsthe tone of the conversation, as is known, was given by the review report
  5. (colloquial) to give (blows), to hit (also metaphorically
    bet viens uzdevis šai ar pātagu, lai lasoties projāmbut one (of them) gave (= hit) her with a whip, to make her move forward
    saule pa pusdienlaiku uzdod tādu izmisīgu karstumu, no kura pat vakaram pietiek siltumaat noon the sun gives(= hits with) such desperate heat that it is enough for heating at night
  6. (dated, of clothing) to give to be immediately put on
    kad dēls beidzot pārradās mājās, Līzbete tās piesmirdušās skrandas iesvieda krāsnī, uzdeva mugurā jauno kārtuwhen the son finally came home, Līzbete threw (his) dirty rags into the oven (and) gave him new clothes (to wear)
  7. (colloquial) to give, to yield (to not endure, to stopmaking efforts, to not work normally)
    nervi uzdod(his) nerves yield (= can't stand the pressure, stress)
    acis sāka uzdot(his) eyes began to yield (= he began losing his vision)
    karsts tomēr drausmīgi, viņai jau pamazām uzdeva sirds, katra mazākā kustība prasīja piepūlibut the heat (was) terrible, her heart was gradually yielding, every little move required effort

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]