نفس

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Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

ن ف س (n-f-s)

Verb[edit]

نَفُسَ (náfusa) I

  1. to be priceless, to be precious, to be valuable

Verb[edit]

نَفِسَ (náfisa) I

  1. to be niggardly, to be stingy, to be sparing
  2. to envy, to begrudge
  3. to be in childbed

Verb[edit]

نَفَّسَ (naffasa) II, imperfect يُنَفِّسُ‎ (yunaffisu)

  1. to comfort, to cheer up, to reassure, to appease
  2. to relieve, to dispel, to banish
  3. to air, to vent
  4. to uncover, to reveal, to voice
  5. to cease, to desist
  6. to let out air
  7. to be in childbed
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Semitic. Cognate with Hebrew נֶפֶשׁ (néfesh), Akkadian 𒍣 (napištu, ZI, throat, life), Aramaic נַפְשָׁא/ܢܲܦܫܵܐ (nap̄šā), Ugaritic 𐎐𐎔𐎌 (npš).

Noun[edit]

نَفْس (nafsf, plurals نُفُوس‎ (nufūs) or أَنْفُس‎ (ʾánfus)

  1. soul, self (used as a reflexive pronoun, often with a bound pronoun...see Inflection below)
  2. psyche
  3. spirit, mind
  4. life
  5. essence, nature
  6. inclination, appetite, proclivity
  7. personal identity

نَفْس (nafsm, plurals نُفُوس‎ (nufūs) or أَنْفُس‎ (ʾánfus)

  1. living creature, living being, human being, person

نَفَس (náfasm, plural أَنْفَاس‎ (ʾanfās)

  1. breath
  2. puff, draw (of smoke)
  3. gulp, draught
  4. freedom, liberty, convenience, discretion
Inflection[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic نَفَس (náfas).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

نفس (nafas) (plural نفس‌ها or انفاس)

  1. breath
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic نَفْس (nafs).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [næfs], [næːfs]

Noun[edit]

نفس (nafs) (plural نفس‌ها or نفوس)

  1. soul, self
  2. psyche
  3. spirit, mind
  4. personal identity