yn

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See also: ŷn, YN, yN, and -yn

Manx[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish in. Cognate with Irish an and Scottish Gaelic an.

Article[edit]

yn

  1. the

Related terms[edit]


Middle Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Particle[edit]

yn

  1. grammatical particle used in conjunction with bot (to be) to mark adjectival, nominal, or verbal complements
  2. grammatical particle used to change an adjective into an adverb

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *eni (compare Irish i), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *en.

Preposition[edit]

yn

  1. in

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Determiner[edit]

yn

  1. our
Descendants[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Particle[edit]

yn

  1. grammatical particle used in conjunction with bod (to be) to mark adjectival, nominal, or verbal complements
    Mae Tom yn darllen.
    Tom is reading.
    Mae Tom yn gysglyd.
    Tom is sleepy.
    Mae Tom yn fachgen.
    Tom is a boy.
  2. grammatical particle used to change an adjective into an adverb
    yn dda ― well
    yn fawr ― greatly
    yn wir ― truly
Usage notes[edit]

This particle causes the soft mutation in all letters but Rh and Ll in nouns and adjectives following it, but not in verbs. Thus in the above examples, cysglyd (an adjective meaning "sleepy") and bachgen (a noun meaning "boy") have been mutated to gysglyd and fachgen, but darllen (a verb meaning "to read") has not been mutated.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 'n (used after a vowel)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *eni (compare Irish i), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *en.

Preposition[edit]

yn

  1. in (definite nouns)
    Mae hi'n byw yng Nghaerdydd.
    She lives in Cardiff.
    Ydyn ni'n astudio yn y Brifysgol ym Mangor
    We're studying in the University in Bangor.
Alternative forms[edit]
  • ym (used before m, mh)
  • yng (used before ng, ngh)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This preposition causes the nasal mutation. Before g and c it becomes yng, before p, b and sometimes m it becomes ym. In some areas the spoken language applies a soft mutation rather than a nasal one to the following word, but in written language the nasal is constant.
  • Yn is used with definite nouns. Its equivalent for indefinite nouns is mewn.
Inflection[edit]
Personal forms
Singular Plural
First person yna, yno, yndda, ynddo i ynon, ynddon ni
Second person ynat, ynot, ynddat, ynddot ti ynoch, ynddoch chi
Third person yno, ynddo fe/fo m
yni, ynddi hi f
ynyn, ynddyn nhw
Related terms[edit]

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian in, from Proto-Germanic *in, from Proto-Indo-European *en.

Preposition[edit]

yn

  1. in
  2. into