яд

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See also: ад and -ад

Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jadъ (anger, hate).

Noun[edit]

яд (jadm

  1. anger, hate, fury, strong irritation (emotion)
    Synonyms: гняв (gnjav), я́рост (járost)
    яд ме еjad me eI am disappointed/disheartened
  2. (figuratively) nuisance, trouble, unfortune (something that triggers hate, irritation)
    бе́ра ядове́béra jadovéto get into trouble/to bear unfortunes
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • о́вад (óvad, predatory insect) (dialectal, possibly)

References[edit]

  • яд¹ in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • яд (1) in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic ꙗдъ (jadŭ), reflecting Proto-Slavic *(j)ědъ (poison).

Noun[edit]

яд (jadm

  1. (dated, uncountable) poison, venom
    Synonym: отро́ва (otróva)
  2. (figuratively) evil intent, malice, grudge
    Synonyms: жлъч (žlǎč), зло́ба (zlóba)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • яд² in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • яд (2) in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)
  • ꙗдъ in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia University "St. Clement Ohridsky"

Etymology 3[edit]

Conflation of Proto-Slavic *ědъ (eater), *ěda (eating), *ědь f (food) (i-stem).

Noun[edit]

яд (jadm

  1. (in compounds) eater (one who eats)
    Synonym: я́дец (jádec)
  2. (dated) eating, consumption
    Synonyms: я́дене (jádene), хра́нене (hránene)
  3. (dated) food, consumable
    Synonyms: яди́во (jadívo), храна́ (hraná)
Alternative forms[edit]
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ꙗдь in Исторически речник на Българския език, Sofia University "St. Clement Ohridsky"

Lezgi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Lezghian *ʎ:än:.

Noun[edit]

яд (äd)

  1. Alternative form of йад (jad)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of яд (äd)
singular
plural
absolutive яд (äd) ядяр (ädär)
ergative ядди (äddi) ядйри (ädjri)
genitive яддин (äddin) ядйрин (ädjrin)
dative яддиз (äddiz) ядйриз (ädjriz)
adessive яддив (äddiv) ядйрив (ädjriv)
adelative яддивай (äddivaj) ядйривай (ädjrivaj)
addirective яддивди (äddivdi) ядйривди (ädjrivdi)
postessive яддихъ (äddiq) ядйрихъ (ädjriq)
postelative яддихъай (äddiqaj) ядйрихъай (ädjriqaj)
postdirective яддихъди (äddiqdi) ядйрихъди (ädjriqdi)
subessive яддик (äddik) ядйрик (ädjrik)
subelative яддикай (äddikaj) ядйрикай (ädjrikaj)
subdirective яддикди (äddikdi) ядйрикди (ädjrikdi)
inessive ядда (ädda) ядйра (ädjra)
inelative яддай (äddaj) ядйрай (ädjraj)
superessive яддал (äddal) ядйрал (ädjral)
superelative яддалай (äddalaj) ядйралай (ädjralaj)
superdirective яддалди (äddaldi) ядйралди (ädjraldi)

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic ядъ (jadŭ) / ѣдъ (ědŭ), from Proto-Slavic *ědъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [jat]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -at

Noun[edit]

яд (jadm inan (genitive я́да, nominative plural я́ды, genitive plural я́дов)

  1. poison, venom
  2. (figuratively) something or someone that has a harmful effect on someone

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “яд”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress