بشر

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See also: پسر‎, تشر‎, تسر, and بسر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ب ش ر(b-š-r), from Proto-West Semitic *baśar- (flesh, human body). The original meaning "flesh" was replaced by لَحْم(laḥm).

Noun[edit]

بَشَر (bašarm (dual بَشَرَانِ(bašarāni), plural بَشَر (bašar) or أَبْشَار(ʾabšār))

  1. human
  2. (collective) humans, humankind
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: bəşər
  • Persian: بشر(bašar)
  • Turkish: beşer

Noun[edit]

بَشَر (bašarm (collective, singulative بَشَرَة‎ f (bašara), plural أَبْشَار(ʾabšār))

  1. skin, outer skin, epidermis
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 74:26-30:
      سَأُصْلِيهِ سَقَرَ / وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا سَقَرُ / لَا تُبْقِي وَلَا تَذَرُ / لَوَّاحَةٌ لِلْبَشَرِ / عَلَيْهَا تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ
      saʾuṣlīhi saqara / wamā ʾadrāka mā saqaru / lā tubqī walā taḏaru / lawwāḥatun lilbašari / ʿalayhā tisʿata ʿašara
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Verb[edit]

بَشَرَ (bašara) I, non-past يَبْشُرُ‎‎ (yabšuru)

  1. to peel, to pare
  2. to shave so as to render the skin visible
  3. (of locusts) to eat the ground bare
  4. to take (a matter) into one's own hands
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بَشْر (bašrm

  1. verbal noun of بَشَرَ (bašara) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ب ش ر(b-š-r). Related to بَشَر(bašar, skin) as rejoicement manifests itself as a complexion of the skin.

Verb[edit]

بَشِرَ (bašira) I, non-past يَبْشَرُ‎‎ (yabšaru)
بَشَرَ (bašara) I, non-past يَبْشِرُ‎‎ (yabširu)

  1. to rejoice at, to become glad, to congratulate, to rejoice
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بَشَر (bašarm

  1. verbal noun of بَشِرَ (bašira) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of بَشَرَ (bašara) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Causative of بَشِرَ (bašira, to rejoice at). Religious sense is a literal translation of Ancient Greek εὐαγγελίζω (euangelízō), from εὐαγγέλιον (euangélion, good news, gospel). Cognate with Hebrew בִּשֵׂר(bisér, biśśēr, to bring good news).

Verb[edit]

بَشَّرَ (baššara) II, non-past يُبَشِّرُ‎‎ (yubašširu)

  1. to bring good news (to)
    Antonym: أَنْذَرَ(ʾanḏara)
  2. (Christianity) to evangelize, to preach the gospel (to)
Conjugation[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

بشر (beşer)

  1. distributive of بش(beş): five each

Descendants[edit]


Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic بَشَر(bašar).

Noun[edit]

بشر (bašar)

  1. human
  2. humankind

Derived terms[edit]