حرف

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See also: خرف‎, خرق‎, حرق, and خ ر ق

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ح ر ف (ḥ-r-f).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈħarrafa/, [ˈħɑrrɑfɑ]

Verb[edit]

حَرَّفَ (ḥarrafa) II, non-past يُحَرِّفُ‎ (yuḥarrifu)

  1. to slant, to incline
  2. to bend down, up, or back, to turn down, up, or back
  3. to deflect
  4. to distort, to corrupt, to falsify, to misconstrue, to pervert, to twist
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ح ر ف (ḥ-r-f). The meaning “word” is a semantic loan from Medieval Latin terminus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈħarf(un)/, [ˈħɑrf(un)]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

حَرْف (ḥarfm (plural حُرُوف (ḥurūf) or أَحْرُف (ʾaḥruf))

  1. letter (of the alphabet), piece of type
    حَرْفًا بِحَرْفٍ‎ ― ḥarfan bi-ḥarfinword for word
  2. consonant
  3. (grammar) particle
  4. (obsolete) word
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَرْف (ḥarfm (plural حِرَف (ḥiraf))

  1. cutting edge, sharp edge
  2. border, brink, edge, rim
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈħiraf/, [ˈħirɑf]

Noun[edit]

حِرَف (ḥiraff pl

  1. plural of حِرْفَة (ḥirfa)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

حُرْف (ḥurfm

  1. cress (Lepidium sativum, a garden vegetable)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Praetorius, Franz (1909), “Ḥarfun = Terminus”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1], volume 63, pages 504–505

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic حَرْف (ḥarf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حرف (harf) (plural حرف‌ها (harf-hâ) or حروف (horuf))

  1. speech
  2. talk
  3. letter
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حِرَف (ḥiraf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حرف (heraf)

  1. (archaic) plural of حرفه