ساق

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See also: شاقand شاف

Arabic[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From the root س و ق(s-w-q).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

سَاقَ (sāqa) I, non-past يَسُوقُ‎‎ (yasūqu)

  1. to drive
  2. to conscript
  3. to pilot
  4. to transport
  5. to send
  6. to utter
  7. to cite, to quote
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Aramaic שָׁקָא(šāqā, shin), ultimately from Akkadian 𒆸 (sâqu, to be narrow, skinny, or constricted), cognate to native Arabic ضَيِّق(ḍayyiq, narrow, pressed); compare Classical Syriac ܫܩܐ(šāqā, shin), Hebrew שׁוֹק(shok, shin). Connected back to the root س و ق(s-w-q) by the urging on of animals with one's legs when riding or by driving them forward by tapping at their legs.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /saːq/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

سَاق (sāqf (plural سُوق(sūq) or سُؤُوق(suʾūq) or سِيقَان(sīqān) or أَسْوُق(ʾaswuq))

  1. leg
  2. shank
  3. side of an angle
  4. perpendicular
  5. trunk, stalk
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 48:29:
      وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  6. column, pillar
  7. scale (balance)
  8. genus, gender, kind
  9. pain, torment
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Derived from the active participle of سَقَى(saqā, to water), from the root س ق ي(s-q-y).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَاقٍ (sāqinm (construct state سَاقِي(sāqī), plural سَاقُونَ(sāqūna) or سُقَاة(suqāh) or سُقَّاء(suqqāʾ) or سُقِيّ(suqiyy), feminine سَاقِيَة(sāqiya))

  1. cup bearer
  2. water carrier
  3. barkeeper
  4. waiter
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • ساق” in Almaany
  • Freytag, Georg (1833) , “ساق”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 331
  • Freytag, Georg (1833) , “ساق”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 337
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “ساق”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1386
  • Lane, Edward William (1863) , “ساق”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 1470
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) , “ساق”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 474
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884) , “ساق”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[2], London: W.H. Allen, page 518
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ساق”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 485
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ساق”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 516
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “ساق”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 579
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “ساق”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 615

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سَاقَ(sāqa).

Verb[edit]

ساق (sāʾ) (perfect, imperfect يسوق(yisūʾ), Verb form I)

  1. to drive

Conjugation[edit]


Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
س و ق

From Arabic سَاقَ(sāqa).

Verb[edit]

ساق (sāq) (form I, non-past يسوق(ysūq))

  1. to drive
    Synonym: نده(ndah)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ساق
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m سقت(suqt) سقتي(suqti) ساق (sāq) سقنا(suqna) سقتوا(suqtu) ساقوا(sāqu)
f ساقت(sāqet)
non-past m نسوق(nsūq) تسوق(tsūq) يسوق(ysūq) نسوقوا(nsūqu) تسوقوا(tsūqu) يسوقوا(ysūqu)
f تسوقي(tsūqi) تسوق(tsūq)
imperative m سوق(sūq) سوقوا(sūqu)
f سوقي(sūqi)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic سَاق(sāq).

Noun[edit]

ساق (sāqf (plural سيقان(sīqān))

  1. leg

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سَاقَ(sāqa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ساق (sāʔ) (form I, present بسوق(bisūʔ), subjunctive يسوق(ysūʔ))

  1. to drive

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of ساق
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m سقت(suʔt) سقت(suʔt) ساق (sāʔ) سقنا(suʔna) سقتو(suʔtu) ساقو(sāʔu)
f سقتي(suʔti) ساقت(sāʔat)
present m بسوق(basūʔ) بتسوق(bitsūʔ) بسوق(bisūʔ) منسوق(minsūʔ) بتسوقو(bitsūʔu) بيسوقو(bisūʔu)
f بتسوقي(bitsūʔi) بتسوق(bitsūʔ)
subjunctive m اسوق(asūʔ) تسوق(tsūʔ) يسوق(ysūʔ) نسوق(nsūʔ) تسوقو(tsūʔu) يسوقو(ysūʔu)
f تسوقي(tsūʔi) تسوق(tsūʔ)
imperative m سوق(sūʔ) سوقو(sūʔu)
f سوقي(sūʔi)