لاجورد

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually said to be from the place name Lāžvard in Badakhshan where the stone was mined.

But according to Bailey, the second component goes back to Proto-Iranian *varta- ‎(stone) and is cognate with Wakhi wurt ‎(stone), Northern Kurdish ber ‎(stone), Central Kurdish بەرد ‎(berd, stone), Khotanese [script needed] ‎(ūḍāra-, crystal), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wel- ‎(to press together), on which see Pokorny.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical Persian, Dari) IPA(key): [lɒːd͡ʒæˈwæɾd], [lɒːd͡ʒˈwæɾd]
  • (Iranian Persian) IPA(key): [lɒːd͡ʒæˈvæɾd], [lɒːd͡ʒeˈvæɾd], [lɒːd͡ʒˈvæɾd]

Noun[edit]

لاجورد ‎(lâjavard, lâjvard)

لاجورد بدخشی
Badakhshan lapis lazuli
  1. (mineralogy) lapis lazuli
    • 982, Hudūd al-'Ālam
      و اندر بدخشان معدن سیم است و زر و بیجاده و لاجورد.
      wa andar Badaxšān ma'dan-i sēm ast u zar u bījāda u lājaward.
      and in Badakhshan there are mines of silver, gold, ruby, and lapis lazuli.
  2. azure, lapis lazuli (color)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “լազուարթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 256–257
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “³u̯el-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1138
  • Bailey, H. W. (1979), “ūḍāra-”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 36b
  • Lokotsch, Karl (1927) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, page 104b, § 1311
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 51
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 427