لاجورد

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Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually said to be from the place name Lāžvard in Badakhshan where the stone was mined.

The first component, لاژ‎, is from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (green) and cognate to Old Irish glas.

But according to Bailey, the second component goes back to Proto-Iranian *varta- (stone) and is cognate with Wakhi wurt (stone), Northern Kurdish ber (stone), Central Kurdish بەرد(berd, stone), Northern Luri بٱرد(bard, stone), Khotanese [script needed] (ūḍāra-, crystal), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (to press together), on which see Pokorny.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

لاجورد (lâjvard, lâjavard)

لاجورد بدخشی
Badakhshan lapis lazuli
  1. (mineralogy) lapis lazuli
    • 982, Hudūd al-'Ālam
      و اندر بدخشان معدن سیم است و زر و بیجاده و لاجورد.‎‎
      wa andar Badaxšān ma'dan-i sēm ast u zar u bījāda u lājaward.
      and in Badakhshan there are mines of silver, gold, ruby, and lapis lazuli.
  2. azure, lapis lazuli (color)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay, “լազուարթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words]‎[1] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, 1973, pages 256–257
  • Pokorny, Julius, “³u̯el-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, 1959, page 1138
  • Bailey, H. W., “ūḍāra-”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, 1979, page 36b
  • Lokotsch, Karl, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, 1927, § 1311, page 104b
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred, Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 1976, page 51
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred, Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, 2001, page 427