لاجورد

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Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually said to be from the place name Lāžvard in Badakhshan where the stone was mined.

The first component, لاژ, is cognate to Old Irish glas.

But according to Bailey, the second component goes back to Proto-Iranian *varta- (stone) and is cognate with Wakhi wurt (stone), Northern Kurdish ber (stone), Central Kurdish بەرد (berd, stone), Khotanese [script needed] (ūḍāra-, crystal), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (to press together), on which see Pokorny.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical Persian, Dari) IPA(key): [lɒːd͡ʒˈwæɾd], [lɒːd͡ʒæˈwæɾd]
  • (Iranian Persian) IPA(key): [lɒːd͡ʒˈvæɾd], [lɒːd͡ʒæˈvæɾd], [lɒːd͡ʒeˈvæɾd]

Noun[edit]

لاجورد (lâjvard, lâjavard)

لاجورد بدخشی
Badakhshan lapis lazuli
  1. (mineralogy) lapis lazuli
    • 982, Hudūd al-'Ālam
      و اندر بدخشان معدن سیم است و زر و بیجاده و لاجورد.‏
      wa andar Badaxšān ma'dan-i sēm ast u zar u bījāda u lājaward.
      and in Badakhshan there are mines of silver, gold, ruby, and lapis lazuli.
  2. azure, lapis lazuli (color)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “լազուարթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 256–257
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “³u̯el-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1138
  • Bailey, H. W. (1979), “ūḍāra-”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 36b
  • Lokotsch, Karl (1927) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der europäischen Wörter orientalischen Ursprungs (in German), Heidelberg: Carl Winter’s Universitätsbuchhandlung, § 1311, page 104b
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1976) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 51
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume III, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 427