साधु

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit साधु ‎(sādhu).

Noun[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhum

  1. (Hinduism) a sadhu; monk

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Armenian աջ ‎().

Adjective[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhú)

  1. straight, right
  2. leading straight to a goal, hitting the mark, unerring (as an arrow or thunderbolt)
  3. straightened, not entangled (as threads)
  4. well-disposed, kind, willing, obedient
  5. successful, effective, efficient (as a hymn or prayer)
  6. ready, prepared (as soma)
  7. peaceful, secure
  8. powerful, excellent, good for (locative) or towards (locative, genitive, dative, accusative, with प्रति ‎(prati), अनु ‎(anu), अभि ‎(abhi), परि ‎(pari), or compound)
  9. fit, proper, right
  10. good, virtuous, honourable, righteous
  11. well-born, noble, of honourable or respectable descent
  12. correct, pure
  13. classical (as language)

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of साधु
Nom. sg. साधुः ‎(sādhuḥ)
Gen. sg. साधोः ‎(sādhoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative साधुः ‎(sādhuḥ) साधू ‎(sādhū) साधवः ‎(sādhavaḥ)
Vocative साधो ‎(sādho) साधू ‎(sādhū) साधवः ‎(sādhavaḥ)
Accusative साधुम् ‎(sādhum) साधू ‎(sādhū) साधून् ‎(sādhūn)
Instrumental साधुना ‎(sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभिः ‎(sādhubhiḥ)
Dative साधवे ‎(sādhave) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Ablative साधोः ‎(sādhoḥ) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Genitive साधोः ‎(sādhoḥ) साध्वोः ‎(sādhvoḥ) साधूनाम् ‎(sādhūnām)
Locative साधौ ‎(sādhau) साध्वोः ‎(sādhvoḥ) साधुषु ‎(sādhuṣu)
Feminine ī-stem declension of साधु
Nom. sg. साध्वी ‎(sādhvī)
Gen. sg. साध्व्याः ‎(sādhvyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative साध्वी ‎(sādhvī) साध्व्यौ ‎(sādhvyau) साध्व्यः ‎(sādhvyaḥ)
Vocative साध्वि ‎(sādhvi) साध्व्यौ ‎(sādhvyau) साध्व्यः ‎(sādhvyaḥ)
Accusative साध्वीम् ‎(sādhvīm) साध्व्यौ ‎(sādhvyau) साध्वीः ‎(sādhvīḥ)
Instrumental साध्व्या ‎(sādhvyā) साध्वीभ्याम् ‎(sādhvībhyām) साध्वीभिः ‎(sādhvībhiḥ)
Dative साध्व्यै ‎(sādhvyai) साध्वीभ्याम् ‎(sādhvībhyām) साध्वीभ्यः ‎(sādhvībhyaḥ)
Ablative साध्व्याः ‎(sādhvyāḥ) साध्वीभ्याम् ‎(sādhvībhyām) साध्वीभ्यः ‎(sādhvībhyaḥ)
Genitive साध्व्याः ‎(sādhvyāḥ) साध्व्योः ‎(sādhvyoḥ) साध्वीनाम् ‎(sādhvīnām)
Locative साध्व्याम् ‎(sādhvyām) साध्व्योः ‎(sādhvyoḥ) साध्वीषु ‎(sādhvīṣu)
Neuter u-stem declension of साधु
Nom. sg. साधु ‎(sādhu)
Gen. sg. साधुनः ‎(sādhunaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative साधु ‎(sādhu) साधुनी ‎(sādhunī) साधूनि ‎(sādhūni)
Vocative साधु ‎(sādhu) साधुनी ‎(sādhunī) साधूनि ‎(sādhūni)
Accusative साधु ‎(sādhu) साधुनी ‎(sādhunī) साधूनि ‎(sādhūni)
Instrumental साधुना ‎(sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभिः ‎(sādhubhiḥ)
Dative साधुने ‎(sādhune) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Ablative साधुनः ‎(sādhunaḥ) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Genitive साधुनः ‎(sādhunaḥ) साधुनोः ‎(sādhunoḥ) साधूनाम् ‎(sādhūnām)
Locative साधुनि ‎(sādhuni) साधुनोः ‎(sādhunoḥ) साधुषु ‎(sādhuṣu)

Adverb[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhú)

  1. straight, aright, regularly
  2. well, rightly, skilfully, properly, agreeably
    sādhú √vṛt (+ locative) — to behave well towards
    sādhú √kṛ — to set eight
    sādhú √ās — to be well or at ease
  3. well, greatly, in a high degree
  4. assuredly, indeed

Interjection[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhú)

  1. good! well done! bravo!
  2. well, enough of, away with (+instrumental)!
  3. well come on! (+imperative or 1. pr.)

Noun[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhúm

  1. a good or virtuous or honest man
  2. a holy man, saint, sage, seer; a sadhu
  3. (Jainism) a जिन ‎(jina) or deified saint
  4. a jeweller
  5. a merchant, money-lender, usurer
  6. (grammar) a derivative or inflected noun
  7. a saintly woman
  8. a kind of root (= मेदा ‎(medā))

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of साधु
Nom. sg. साधुः ‎(sādhuḥ)
Gen. sg. साधोः ‎(sādhoḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative साधुः ‎(sādhuḥ) साधू ‎(sādhū) साधवः ‎(sādhavaḥ)
Vocative साधो ‎(sādho) साधू ‎(sādhū) साधवः ‎(sādhavaḥ)
Accusative साधुम् ‎(sādhum) साधू ‎(sādhū) साधून् ‎(sādhūn)
Instrumental साधुना ‎(sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभिः ‎(sādhubhiḥ)
Dative साधवे ‎(sādhave) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Ablative साधोः ‎(sādhoḥ) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Genitive साधोः ‎(sādhoḥ) साध्वोः ‎(sādhvoḥ) साधूनाम् ‎(sādhūnām)
Locative साधौ ‎(sādhau) साध्वोः ‎(sādhvoḥ) साधुषु ‎(sādhuṣu)

Noun[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhún

  1. the good or right or honest, a good etc. thing or act
    साध्व् अस्ति ‎(sādhv asti) (+dative) — it is well with
    sādhu-√man (+ accusative) — to consider a thing good, approve
  2. gentleness, kindness, benevolence

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem declension of साधु
Nom. sg. साधु ‎(sādhu)
Gen. sg. साधुनः ‎(sādhunaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative साधु ‎(sādhu) साधुनी ‎(sādhunī) साधूनि ‎(sādhūni)
Vocative साधु ‎(sādhu) साधुनी ‎(sādhunī) साधूनि ‎(sādhūni)
Accusative साधु ‎(sādhu) साधुनी ‎(sādhunī) साधूनि ‎(sādhūni)
Instrumental साधुना ‎(sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभिः ‎(sādhubhiḥ)
Dative साधुने ‎(sādhune) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Ablative साधुनः ‎(sādhunaḥ) साधुभ्याम् ‎(sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः ‎(sādhubhyaḥ)
Genitive साधुनः ‎(sādhunaḥ) साधुनोः ‎(sādhunoḥ) साधूनाम् ‎(sādhūnām)
Locative साधुनि ‎(sādhuni) साधुनोः ‎(sādhunoḥ) साधुषु ‎(sādhuṣu)

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1201