साधु

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit साधु (sādhu).

Noun[edit]

साधु (sādhum

  1. (Hinduism) a sadhu; monk

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *saHdʰúṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *saHdʰúš, from Proto-Indo-European *sHdʰ-yo- or *seh₂dʰ-yo- (successful). Cognate with Old Armenian աջ ().

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /s̪ɑː.d̪ʱú/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈs̪ɑː.d̪ʱu/
  • Adjective[edit]

    साधु (sādhú)

    1. straight, right
    2. leading straight to a goal, hitting the mark, unerring (as an arrow or thunderbolt)
    3. straightened, not entangled (as threads)
    4. well-disposed, kind, willing, obedient
    5. successful, effective, efficient (as a hymn or prayer)
    6. ready, prepared (as soma)
    7. peaceful, secure
    8. powerful, excellent, good for (locative) or towards (locative, genitive, dative, accusative, with प्रति (prati), अनु (anu), अभि (abhi), परि (pari), or compound)
    9. fit, proper, right
    10. good, virtuous, honourable, righteous
    11. well-born, noble, of honourable or respectable descent
    12. correct, pure
    13. classical (as language)

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine u-stem declension of साधु
    Nom. sg. साधुः (sādhuḥ)
    Gen. sg. साधोः (sādhoḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative साधुः (sādhuḥ) साधू (sādhū) साधवः (sādhavaḥ)
    Vocative साधो (sādho) साधू (sādhū) साधवः (sādhavaḥ)
    Accusative साधुम् (sādhum) साधू (sādhū) साधून् (sādhūn)
    Instrumental साधुना (sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभिः (sādhubhiḥ)
    Dative साधवे (sādhave) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Ablative साधोः (sādhoḥ) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Genitive साधोः (sādhoḥ) साध्वोः (sādhvoḥ) साधूनाम् (sādhūnām)
    Locative साधौ (sādhau) साध्वोः (sādhvoḥ) साधुषु (sādhuṣu)
    Feminine ī-stem declension of साधु
    Nom. sg. साध्वी (sādhvī)
    Gen. sg. साध्व्याः (sādhvyāḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative साध्वी (sādhvī) साध्व्यौ (sādhvyau) साध्व्यः (sādhvyaḥ)
    Vocative साध्वि (sādhvi) साध्व्यौ (sādhvyau) साध्व्यः (sādhvyaḥ)
    Accusative साध्वीम् (sādhvīm) साध्व्यौ (sādhvyau) साध्वीः (sādhvīḥ)
    Instrumental साध्व्या (sādhvyā) साध्वीभ्याम् (sādhvībhyām) साध्वीभिः (sādhvībhiḥ)
    Dative साध्व्यै (sādhvyai) साध्वीभ्याम् (sādhvībhyām) साध्वीभ्यः (sādhvībhyaḥ)
    Ablative साध्व्याः (sādhvyāḥ) साध्वीभ्याम् (sādhvībhyām) साध्वीभ्यः (sādhvībhyaḥ)
    Genitive साध्व्याः (sādhvyāḥ) साध्व्योः (sādhvyoḥ) साध्वीनाम् (sādhvīnām)
    Locative साध्व्याम् (sādhvyām) साध्व्योः (sādhvyoḥ) साध्वीषु (sādhvīṣu)
    Neuter u-stem declension of साधु
    Nom. sg. साधु (sādhu)
    Gen. sg. साधुनः (sādhunaḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative साधु (sādhu) साधुनी (sādhunī) साधूनि (sādhūni)
    Vocative साधु (sādhu) साधुनी (sādhunī) साधूनि (sādhūni)
    Accusative साधु (sādhu) साधुनी (sādhunī) साधूनि (sādhūni)
    Instrumental साधुना (sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभिः (sādhubhiḥ)
    Dative साधुने (sādhune) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Ablative साधुनः (sādhunaḥ) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Genitive साधुनः (sādhunaḥ) साधुनोः (sādhunoḥ) साधूनाम् (sādhūnām)
    Locative साधुनि (sādhuni) साधुनोः (sādhunoḥ) साधुषु (sādhuṣu)

    Adverb[edit]

    साधु (sādhú)

    1. straight, aright, regularly
    2. well, rightly, skilfully, properly, agreeably
      sādhú √vṛt (+ locative) — to behave well towards
      sādhú √kṛ — to set eight
      sādhú √ās — to be well or at ease
    3. well, greatly, in a high degree
    4. assuredly, indeed

    Interjection[edit]

    साधु (sādhú)

    1. good! well done! bravo!
    2. well, enough of, away with (+instrumental)!
    3. well come on! (+imperative or 1. pr.)

    Noun[edit]

    साधु (sādhúm

    1. a good or virtuous or honest man
    2. a holy man, saint, sage, seer; a sadhu
    3. (Jainism) a जिन (jina) or deified saint
    4. a jeweller
    5. a merchant, money-lender, usurer
    6. (grammar) a derivative or inflected noun
    7. a saintly woman
    8. a kind of root (= मेदा (medā))

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine u-stem declension of साधु
    Nom. sg. साधुः (sādhuḥ)
    Gen. sg. साधोः (sādhoḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative साधुः (sādhuḥ) साधू (sādhū) साधवः (sādhavaḥ)
    Vocative साधो (sādho) साधू (sādhū) साधवः (sādhavaḥ)
    Accusative साधुम् (sādhum) साधू (sādhū) साधून् (sādhūn)
    Instrumental साधुना (sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभिः (sādhubhiḥ)
    Dative साधवे (sādhave) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Ablative साधोः (sādhoḥ) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Genitive साधोः (sādhoḥ) साध्वोः (sādhvoḥ) साधूनाम् (sādhūnām)
    Locative साधौ (sādhau) साध्वोः (sādhvoḥ) साधुषु (sādhuṣu)

    Noun[edit]

    साधु (sādhún

    1. the good or right or honest, a good etc. thing or act
      साध्व् अस्ति (sādhv asti) (+dative) — it is well with
      sādhu-√man (+ accusative) — to consider a thing good, approve
    2. gentleness, kindness, benevolence

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter u-stem declension of साधु
    Nom. sg. साधु (sādhu)
    Gen. sg. साधुनः (sādhunaḥ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative साधु (sādhu) साधुनी (sādhunī) साधूनि (sādhūni)
    Vocative साधु (sādhu) साधुनी (sādhunī) साधूनि (sādhūni)
    Accusative साधु (sādhu) साधुनी (sādhunī) साधूनि (sādhūni)
    Instrumental साधुना (sādhunā) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभिः (sādhubhiḥ)
    Dative साधुने (sādhune) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Ablative साधुनः (sādhunaḥ) साधुभ्याम् (sādhubhyām) साधुभ्यः (sādhubhyaḥ)
    Genitive साधुनः (sādhunaḥ) साधुनोः (sādhunoḥ) साधूनाम् (sādhūnām)
    Locative साधुनि (sādhuni) साधुनोः (sādhunoḥ) साधुषु (sādhuṣu)

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1201