साधु

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Armenian աջ ‎().

Adjective[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhú)

  1. straight, right
  2. leading straight to a goal, hitting the mark, unerring (as an arrow or thunderbolt)
  3. straightened, not entangled (as threads)
  4. well-disposed, kind, willing, obedient
  5. successful, effective, efficient (as a hymn or prayer)
  6. ready, prepared (as soma)
  7. peaceful, secure
  8. powerful, excellent, good for (locative) or towards (locative, genitive, dative, accusative, with प्रति ‎(prati), अनु ‎(anu), अभि ‎(abhi), परि ‎(pari), or compound)
  9. fit, proper, right
  10. good, virtuous, honourable, righteous
  11. well-born, noble, of honourable or respectable descent
  12. correct, pure
  13. classical (as language)

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhú)

  1. straight, aright, regularly
  2. well, rightly, skilfully, properly, agreeably
    sādhú √vṛt (+ locative) — to behave well towards
    sādhú √kṛ — to set eight
    sādhú √ās — to be well or at ease
  3. well, greatly, in a high degree
  4. assuredly, indeed

Interjection[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhú)

  1. good! well done! bravo!
  2. well, enough of, away with (+instrumental)!
  3. well come on! (+imperative or 1. pr.)

Noun[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhúm

  1. a good or virtuous or honest man
  2. a holy man, saint, sage, seer; a sadhu
  3. (Jainism) a जिन ‎(jina) or deified saint
  4. a jeweller
  5. a merchant, money-lender, usurer
  6. (grammar) a derivative or inflected noun
  7. a saintly woman
  8. a kind of root (= मेदा ‎(medā))

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

साधु ‎(sādhún

  1. the good or right or honest, a good etc. thing or act
    साध्व् अस्ति ‎(sādhv asti) (+dative) — it is well with
    sādhu-√man (+ accusative) — to consider a thing good, approve
  2. gentleness, kindness, benevolence

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1201