bravo

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See also: bravó, bravò, and Bravo

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Italian bravo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bravo (plural bravos or bravoes)

  1. A hired soldier; an assassin; a desperado.
    • 1753, Theophilus Cibber, The Lives of the Poets of Great Britain and Ireland (1753)[1]:
      As for Rochester, he had not genius enough to enter the lists with Dryden, so he fell upon another method of revenge; and meanly hired bravoes to assault him.
    • 1911, H. Rider Haggard, Red Eve[2]:
      "Why should I fight the King of England's bravoes?" inquired Acour in a languid voice of those who stood about him, a question at which they laughed.
    • 1953, Raymond Chandler, The Long Goodbye, Penguin 2010, page 104:
      Because the headache will always be there, a weapon that never wears out and is as deadly as the bravo’s rapier or Lucrezia's poison vial.
  2. A shout of "bravo!"
    • 1907, Kate Dickinson Sweetser, Boys and girls from Thackeray[3]:
      There was a roar of bravoes rang through the house; Pen bellowing with the loudest.
  3. The letter B in the ICAO spelling alphabet.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bravo!

  1. Used to express acclaim, especially to a performer.
    Bravo, you have done a brilliant job!

Usage notes[edit]

Sometimes the (non-anglicized) Italian female form brava is used for a woman, and the Italian plural forms brave (feminine) and bravi (masculine or mixed).

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

bravo (third-person singular simple present bravos, present participle bravoing, simple past and past participle bravoed)

  1. To cheer or applaud, especially by saying bravo!
    • 1910, May Agnes Fleming, The Baronet's Bride[4]:
      "And my Sunbeam was bravoed, and encored, and crowned with flowers, was she not?"
    • 1899, Richard Le Gallienne, Young Lives[5]:
      Together they had bravoed the great tragedians, and together hopelessly worshipped the beautiful faces, enskied and sainted, of famous actresses.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian bravo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bravo

  1. bravo!, hear, hear!, well said!, well done!

Noun[edit]

bravo m (plural bravos)

  1. (in the plural) applause, cheers
  2. swordsman
    Synonym: spadassin

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese bravo, from Latin barbarus,[1] which was frequently found in Galician medieval Latin documentation with the meaning of "uncultivated, fallow".[2] Alternatively from Vulgar Latin *bravus or *brabus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus.

Adjective[edit]

bravo m (feminine singular brava, masculine plural bravos, feminine plural bravas)

  1. uncultivated, harsh, rough (when referring to a land)
    • 1334, M. Lucas Alvarez & P. P. Lucas Domínguez (eds. ), San Pedro de Ramirás. Un monasterio femenino en la Edad Media. Santiago: Caixa Galicia, page 487:
      et nos dedes delle en cada ano terça do pan e do viño, e de lino e de liguma do feytuo, e do monte bravo que aromperdes
      and you'll give us each year a third of the grain and of the wine, of the flax, and of the pulses, and of the uncultivated lands that you could plough up
  2. wild, spontaneous (when referring to a plant)
    Synonym: ventureiro
  3. wild, untamed (when referring to an animal)
    Synonym: salvaxe
  4. harsh, fierce
    • 1364, Clara Rodríguez Núñez (ed.), "Santa María de Belvís, un convento mendicante femenino en la Baja Edad Media (1305-1400)", Estudios Mindonienses, 5, page 441:
      son ende quatro boys, dous bravos et dous massos
      there are four oxen: two are fierce and two are meek
    Synonym: fero
  5. strong (when referring to a beverage) or hot spicy
    Synonym: forte
  6. bold, valiant
    Synonyms: afouto, arriscado, valente
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Italian bravo.

Interjection[edit]

bravo!

  1. bravo!

References[edit]

  • bravo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • bravo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • bravo” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • bravo” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Corominas, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997), “bravo”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico, Madrid: Gredos
  2. ^ barbaras in Gallaeciae Monumenta Historica.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Probably from Vulgar Latin *bravus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus.[1] Less likely from Provençal brau (show-off), from Gaulish *bragos (compare Middle Irish breagha (modern breá) 'fine', Breton braga 'to strut'). Or else misread from Latin brana,[2] from Old French brahaigne (barren) (see barren).[3] Or perhaps borrowed from a descendant of Proto-Germanic *hrawaz (raw, uncooked).[2] Or possibly from a root *bravus, from bravium. Borrowed into French and English as brave.

Adjective[edit]

bravo (feminine singular brava, masculine plural bravi, feminine plural brave) (superlative bravissimo)

  1. (used before the noun) good, well-behaved
  2. good, skilful, capable, clever, fine
  3. good, obedient
  4. (obsolete) brave, bold
  5. (obsolete, of animals) wild, untamed
  6. (obsolete, of places) harsh

Related terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bravo! m (f brava!, m pl bravi!, f pl brave!)

  1. well done!, good show!
  2. (theater) bravo!

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese bravo, possibly from Vulgar Latin *bravus or *brabus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus.

Adjective[edit]

bravo m (feminine singular brava, masculine plural bravos, feminine plural bravas, comparable)

  1. valiant, courageous
  2. uneducated, uncivilized
  3. furious, annoyed
  4. prone to irritation, easily angered, bad-tempered, choleric
  5. rigorous, authoritarian
  6. (of a person, or situation) difficult, unmanageable
  7. (of an animal) undomesticated
  8. (of a plant, or vegetable) spontaneous, weed
  9. (of the land) uncultivated
  10. (of the sea) stormy
  11. (hypercorrect) Alternative form of brabo
Inflection[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Italian bravo.

Interjection[edit]

bravo!

  1. bravo! well done!

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɾabo/, [ˈbɾaβo]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Spanish bravo, possibly from Vulgar Latin *bravus or *brabus, from a fusion of Latin prāvus and barbarus (or from metathesis of an intermediate form *babru-)[1].

Adjective[edit]

bravo (feminine singular brava, masculine plural bravos, feminine plural bravas) (superlative bravísimo)

  1. angry, furious
  2. bold, courageous
  3. skilful, capable, clever, fine
  4. good, excellent
  5. agitated (sea)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Italian bravo.

Interjection[edit]

¡bravo!

  1. (in general use) well done!, good show!
  2. (at the theatre, etc) bravo!

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]