中古

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Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (28)
Final () (2) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /kuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /kuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /koX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /kɔX/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /koX/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /kuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /kuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ kuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*kˁaʔ/
English center ancient

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 4219
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*kaːʔ/

Etymology 1[edit]

middle old
simp. and trad.
(中古)

Adjective[edit]

中古

  1. middle(-aged) (as in Middle English, Middle Chinese, etc.)

Noun[edit]

中古

  1. middle antiquity (from 3rd to 9th century)

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

中古

  1. the Middle Ages

Etymology 2[edit]

Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese  (ちゅう) () (chūko, secondhand)

Adjective[edit]

中古車 "used cars"

中古

  1. (Taiwan) used; second hand
Synonyms[edit]
  • (used, second hand): 第二手 (dì'èrshǒu)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Chinese; China; Sino- Cuba; Cuban
simp. and trad.
(中古)

Adjective[edit]

中古

  1. Sino-Cuban

Proper noun[edit]

中古

  1. China and Cuba

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

中古 (hiragana ちゅうこ, rōmaji chūko)

  1. medieval times
  2. a secondhand or used item

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

中古 (junggo) (hangeul 중고)

  1. Hanja form? of 중고 (secondhand).