海豚

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Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea suckling pig
simp. and trad.
(海豚)

Etymology[edit]

Native formation, attested abundantly in the Classical era. Also 海豨 (hǎixī, literally “sea-pig”), 江豚 (jiāngtún, literally “river-pig”). Semantically compare English mereswine (porpoise or dolphin, literally sea-pig).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (32) (7)
Final () (41) (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hʌiX/ /duən/
Pan
Wuyun
/həiX/ /duon/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɒiX/ /duən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/həjX/ /dwən/
Li
Rong
/xᴀiX/ /duən/
Wang
Li
/xɒiX/ /duən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑ̆iX/ /dʱuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hǎi tún

Noun[edit]

海豚

  1. dolphin

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
海豚 (iruka): a dolphin or porpoise.
Kanji in this term
いるか
Grade: 2 Grade: S
jukujikun
Alternative spellings (rare)
イルカ

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. One of the more likely native-Japanese theories is that this was originally a compound of Old Japanese elements (iwo, fish) +‎ (uka, food, something used as food).

/iwo uka//iru uka//iruka/

Another possibility is that it was a borrowing from Ainu. Compare Sakhalin Ainu リク (riku), イリク (iriku), or Kuril Ainu リカ (rika, whale).[1] Given the unlikely sound shift required for the Old Japanese derivation, an origin from Ainu seems more likely.

The spelling 海豚, which literally means “sea pig”, is an orthographic borrowing from Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

海豚(いるか) (iruka

  1. a dolphin or porpoise (the mammal)

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as イルカ.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2005, Martine Robbeets (2005:190) Is Japanese Related to Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic?
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Kikai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 海豚 (xojX dwon, literally sea pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 (fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 (hiragana ふぃとぅ, romaji fitu, hiragana ぴとぅ, romaji pitu)

  1. dolphin

Kunigami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 海豚 (xojX dwon, literally sea pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 (fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 (hiragana ひーとぅい, romaji hītui)

  1. dolphin

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 海豚 (xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 (fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 (hiragana ふとぅ, romaji futu)

  1. dolphin

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 海豚 (xojX dwon, literally sea pig).

Noun[edit]

海豚 (hiragana ふぃーとぅ, romaji fītu)

  1. dolphin

Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 海豚 (xojX dwon, literally sea pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚 (fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 (hiragana ふとぅ, romaji futu)

  1. dolphin