海豚

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Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea suckling pig
simp. and trad.
(海豚)

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

海豚

  1. dolphin

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 海豚 (“dolphin”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 海豚
Taxonomic name 海豚
Mandarin Beijing 海豚
Taiwan 海豚
Cantonese Hong Kong 海豚
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 海豚
Liudui (S. Sixian) 海豚
Hsinchu (Hailu) 海豚
Dongshi (Dabu) 海豚
Zhuolan (Raoping) 海豚
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 海豬
Min Nan Xiamen 白鰗海豬媽祖婆魚媽祖魚鎮港魚
Zhangzhou 白鰗媽祖魚鎮港魚
Taipei 海豬仔
Kaohsiung 海豬
Tainan 海豬仔
Taichung 海豬
Yilan 海豬仔
Lukang 海豬仔
Sanxia 海豬仔
Kinmen 海豬
Magong 海鼠
Hsinchu 海豬
Chaozhou 義魚

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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海豚 (iruka): a dolphin or porpoise.
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S
Irregular

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. One of the more likely native-Japanese theories is that this was originally a compound of Old Japanese elements (iwo, fish) +‎ (uka, food, something used as food).

/iwo uka//iru uka//iruka/

Another possibility is that it was a borrowing from Ainu. Compare Sakhalin Ainu リク(riku), イリク(iriku), or Kuril Ainu リカ(rika, whale).[1]

Given the unlikely sound shift required for the Old Japanese derivation, an origin from Ainu seems more likely.

The 海豚 spelling, which literally means “sea pig”, is borrowed from Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

海豚 ‎(hiragana いるか, katakana イルカ, romaji iruka)

  1. a dolphin or porpoise (the mammal)

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as イルカ.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2005, Martine Robbeets (2005:190) Is Japanese Related to Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic and Turkic?
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Kikai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚(fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふぃとぅ, romaji fitu, hiragana ぴとぅ, romaji pitu)

  1. dolphin

Kunigami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚(fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 ‎(hiragana ひーとぅい, romaji hītui)

  1. dolphin

Northern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚(fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふとぅ, romaji futu)

  1. dolphin

Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig).

Noun[edit]

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふぃーとぅ, romaji fītu)

  1. dolphin

Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 海豚(xojX dwon, literally sea + pig). Cognate with Okinawan 海豚(fītu).

Noun[edit]

海豚 ‎(hiragana ふとぅ, romaji futu)

  1. dolphin