牡蠣

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See also: 牡蛎

Chinese[edit]

male oyster
trad. (牡蠣)
simp. (牡蛎)
Wikipedia has an article on:
牡蠣

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

牡蠣

  1. oyster

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 牡蠣 (“oyster”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 牡蠣牡蛤蠣蛤古賁
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 牡蠣
Taxonomic name 牡蠣
Mandarin Beijing 牡蠣
Taiwan 牡蠣蚵仔
Muping 海蠣子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蚵仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蚵仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蚵仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 蚵仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen 蚵仔
Quanzhou 蚵仔
Zhangzhou 蚵仔
Taipei 蚵仔
Kaohsiung 蚵仔
Tainan 蚵仔
Taichung 蚵仔
Hsinchu 蚵仔
Lukang 蚵仔
Sanxia
Yilan 蚵仔
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Philippines (Manila) 蚵仔
Chaozhou
Haifeng
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Wu Wenzhou 蠣膏
Ningbo 蠣黃

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
牡蠣 (kaki, borei): an opened oyster.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Probably a shift from either:

  • 掻き (kaki, scratching, scraping), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 掻く (kaku, to scratch, to scrape), from the way that oysters are harvested by scraping them off of the oyster bed
  • 欠き (kaki, breaking, chipping), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 欠く (kaku, to break, to chip), from the way that one must break or chip an oyster shell to get at the meat

The spelling is from Chinese 牡蠣, as an example of jukujikun (熟字訓).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

牡蠣 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 牡蛎, hiragana かき, katakana カキ, rōmaji kaki)

  1. oyster (edible)
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カキ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
れい
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 牡蠣 (MC məuX liᴇiH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

牡蠣 (hiragana ぼれい, rōmaji borei)

  1. an oyster
  2. roasted and powdered oyster shell, used in antacids, sedatives, and as a bird feed additive

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]