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See also: and
U+935B, 鍛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-935B

[U+935A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+935C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 金竹十水 (CHJE), four-corner 87147, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1314, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40625
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1814, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4233, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+935B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *toːns): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  (OC *doːns).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • duêng3 - Chaozhou;
  • duang3 - Shantou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/twanH/
Li
Rong
/tuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/tuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2529
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to forge; to shape metal
    /   ―  duànzào  ―  to forge
  2. to temper; to refine

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC tuɑnH).

Affix[edit]

(たん) (tan

  1. forging, smithing
  2. (by extension) refining, disciplining (of the mind, body, etc.)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きた(え)
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Nominalization of 鍛え (kitae, forging).

Proper noun[edit]

(きたえ) (Kitae (historical kana きたへ)

  1. a male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 불릴 (bullil dan))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

⟨kana uti⟩⟨kanuti⟩

Originally a compound of (kana, combining form of kane, “metal) +‎ 打ち (uti, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 打つ (utu), “to strike).

Noun[edit]

(kanuti) (kana かぬち)

  1. the forging of metal; also such a person who forges metal: a metalsmith, smith

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: 鍛冶 (kaji)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đoán, đoàn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.