cycle: difference between revisions

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(Noun: Quote added)
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# A complete [[rotation]] of anything.
 
# A complete [[rotation]] of anything.
 
# A process that returns to its beginning and then repeats itself in the same sequence.
 
# A process that returns to its beginning and then repeats itself in the same sequence.
  +
#*{{quote-magazine|date=2013-08-10|volume=408|issue=8848|magazine={{w|The Economist}}
  +
|title=[http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21583277-worlds-biggest-polluter-going-green-it-needs-speed-up-transition-can-china21583270-new-zealands-plan-regulate-designer-drugs-better-trying-ban-them-and-failing-new A new prescription]
  +
|passage=No sooner has a [synthetic] drug been blacklisted than chemists adjust their recipe and start churning out a subtly different one. These “legal highs” are sold for the few months it takes the authorities to identify and ban them, and then the '''cycle''' begins again.}}
 
# The members of the sequence formed by such a process.
 
# The members of the sequence formed by such a process.
 
# {{context|music|lang=en}} In musical [[set theory]], an '''interval cycle''' is the set of [[pitch class]]es resulting from repeatedly applying the same [[interval class]] to the starting pitch class.
 
# {{context|music|lang=en}} In musical [[set theory]], an '''interval cycle''' is the set of [[pitch class]]es resulting from repeatedly applying the same [[interval class]] to the starting pitch class.
#: ''The interval '''cycle''' C4 consists of the pitch classes 0, 4 and 8; when starting on E, it is realised as the pitches E, G# and C.''
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#: {{usex|lang=en|The interval '''cycle''' C4 consists of the pitch classes 0, 4 and 8; when starting on E, it is realised as the pitches E, G# and C.}}
# A series of poems, songs or other works of art
+
# A series of poems, songs or other works of art.
#: ''The '''Ring of the Nibelung''' is a '''cycle''' of four operas by Richard Wagner, the famous nineteenth-century German composer.''
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#: {{usex|lang=en|The "Ring of the Nibelung" is a '''cycle''' of four operas by Richard Wagner, the famous nineteenth-century German composer.}}
 
# A [[programme]] on a washing machine, dishwasher, or other such device.
 
# A [[programme]] on a washing machine, dishwasher, or other such device.
#: ''Put the washing in on a warm '''cycle'''.''
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#: {{usex|lang=en|Put the washing in on a warm '''cycle'''.}}
 
# A [[pedal]]-powered vehicle, such as a unicycle, bicycle, or tricycle; or, motorized vehicle that has either two or three wheels, such as a motorbike, motorcycle, motorized tricycle, or motortrike.
 
# A [[pedal]]-powered vehicle, such as a unicycle, bicycle, or tricycle; or, motorized vehicle that has either two or three wheels, such as a motorbike, motorcycle, motorized tricycle, or motortrike.
 
# {{context|baseball|lang=en}} A [[single]], a [[double]], a [[triple]], and a [[home run]] hit by the same player in the same game.
 
# {{context|baseball|lang=en}} A [[single]], a [[double]], a [[triple]], and a [[home run]] hit by the same player in the same game.
#: ''Jones hit for the '''cycle''' in the game.''
+
#: {{usex|lang=en|Jones hit for the '''cycle''' in the game.}}
 
# {{context|graph theory|lang=en}} A [[closed]] [[walk]] or [[path]], with or without repeated [[vertices]] allowed.
 
# {{context|graph theory|lang=en}} A [[closed]] [[walk]] or [[path]], with or without repeated [[vertices]] allowed.
   

Revision as of 03:32, 29 September 2013

English

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Late Latin cyclus, from Ancient Greek κύκλος (kyklos), reduplicated form of a Proto-Indo-European *kʷékʷlos (circle, wheel). Cognates include Sanskrit चक्र (cakrá), Latin colus, Old English hwēol (English wheel), English ancillary

Noun

cycle (plural cycles)

  1. An interval of space or time in which one set of events or phenomena is completed.
  2. A complete rotation of anything.
  3. A process that returns to its beginning and then repeats itself in the same sequence.
    • 2013 August 10, “A new prescription”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8848: 
      No sooner has a [synthetic] drug been blacklisted than chemists adjust their recipe and start churning out a subtly different one. These “legal highs” are sold for the few months it takes the authorities to identify and ban them, and then the cycle begins again.
  4. The members of the sequence formed by such a process.
  5. (music) In musical set theory, an interval cycle is the set of pitch classes resulting from repeatedly applying the same interval class to the starting pitch class.
    The interval cycle C4 consists of the pitch classes 0, 4 and 8; when starting on E, it is realised as the pitches E, G# and C.
  6. A series of poems, songs or other works of art.
    The "Ring of the Nibelung" is a cycle of four operas by Richard Wagner, the famous nineteenth-century German composer.
  7. A programme on a washing machine, dishwasher, or other such device.
    Put the washing in on a warm cycle.
  8. A pedal-powered vehicle, such as a unicycle, bicycle, or tricycle; or, motorized vehicle that has either two or three wheels, such as a motorbike, motorcycle, motorized tricycle, or motortrike.
  9. (baseball) A single, a double, a triple, and a home run hit by the same player in the same game.
    Jones hit for the cycle in the game.
  10. (graph theory) A closed walk or path, with or without repeated vertices allowed.

Usage notes

  • (baseball sense): As in the example sentence, one is usually said to hit for the cycle. However, other uses also occur, such as hit a cycle and complete the cycle.

Derived terms

Translations

Verb

cycle (third-person singular simple present cycles, present participle cycling, simple past and past participle cycled)

  1. To ride a bicycle or other cycle.
  2. To go through a cycle or to put through a cycle.
  3. (electronics) To turn power off and back on
    Avoid cycling the device unnecessarily.
  4. (ice hockey) To maintain a team's possession of the puck in the offensive zone by handling and passing the puck in a loop from the boards near the goal up the side boards and passing to back to the boards near the goal
    They have their cycling game going tonight.

Related terms

Translations

Anagrams


French

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Late Latin cyclus.

Noun

cycle m (plural cycles)

  1. cycle

Latin

Noun

cycle

  1. vocative singular of cyclus