bagāts

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A pre-13th-century borrowing from Old East Slavic богатыи ‎(bogatyi) (cf. Russian богатый ‎(bogátyj, rich)) or from Belarusian багаты ‎(baháty, rich), both from the same stem as Old Church Slavonic богъ ‎(bogŭ, happiness; abundance, riches; god), whence also its opposite nabags ‎(poor) (q.v.).[1] Compare Lithuanian bagótas ‎(rich), also a Slavic borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

bagāts (def. bagātais, comp. bagātāks, sup. visbagātākais; adv. bagāti)

  1. rich, wealthy (having a lot of money; having many valuable possessions)
    bagāts cilvēksrich person
    bagāta valstsrich country
    bagāts saimnieks, fabrikantsrich landowner, industrialist
  2. rich, expensive, luxurious (made with very valuable material, components; containing something valuable)
    bagāts pusdienu galdsrich dinner table
    bagāts pūrsrich dowry
    bagāts namsrich house (where rich people live)
  3. rich (having a large amount of something; having many valuable parts)
    zivīm bagāta upe — a river rich in fish
    ar mežiem bagāts apvidus — an area rich in forests
    Čiaturas mangāna atradnes ir vienas no bagātākajām pasaulē — the Čiatura manganese deposits are one of the richest in the world
  4. rich (large in number or size)
    bagāts loms — a rich catch
    bagāta raža — a rich harvest
  5. (of time periods) rich, productive, generous
    bagāts gads, rudens — a rich year, autumn
    bagāts mūžs — a rich life
    tās bija siltas, saulainas un augļu bagātas dienas — those were warm, sunny and fruit-rich days
  6. rich, varied (in form, in nuances, in elements)
    bagāta valoda — a rich language
    bagāta dzejarich poetry
    bagāta fantāzijarich fantasy
    mākslinieks ar bagātu iztēli — artist with a rich imagination
    bagāta grāmatu kolekcijarich collection of books
    bagāta augu valstsrich plant kingdom (= vegetation)
    bagāta faunarich fauna
  7. rich (having excellent skills, knowledge, qualities, potential, contributions)
    pieredzes bagāts biškopis — a beekeeper rich in experience
    nopelniem bagāts zinātnieks — a scientist, scholar rich in merits
    palīdzot bērniem apgūt zināšanas, mēs dažreiz arī paši kļūstam bagātāki — helping children obtain knowledge, we sometimes also become richer
  8. (of the mind, the psyche, the spirit) rich, sensitive, deep
    bagāta dvēsele — a rich soul

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “bagāts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7