beton

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See also: Beton, béton, and betón

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch beton.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bəˈtɔn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

beton (uncountable)

  1. concrete

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Noun[edit]

beton

  1. concrete

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beton m inan

  1. concrete
  2. an alcoholic cocktail whose main ingredients are Becherovka and tonic

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • beton in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • beton in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt), from Gaulish [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beton c (singular definite betonen, plural indefinite betoner)

  1. concrete
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

beton

  1. imperative of betone

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt), see there for more.

Noun[edit]

beton n (uncountable)

  1. concrete
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: beton
  • Caribbean Javanese: béton
  • Indonesian: beton
  • Papiamentu: betòn

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

beton

  1. first-person singular present indicative of betonnen
  2. imperative of betonnen

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Noun[edit]

beton

  1. accusative singular of beto

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Beton, from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛton]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧ton
  • Rhymes: -on

Noun[edit]

beton (countable and uncountable, plural betonok)

  1. concrete (building material)

Usage notes[edit]

This term (or its primary sense) is a material noun: any part of its denotation is called the same as the whole, so its meaning resembles that of an adjective (expressing a feature).[2] As an uncountable noun, it is not used in the plural in its primary sense. When it still occurs, it refers to objects made out of this material (like coins or medals such as golds), portions held in containers (like coffees (cups of cofee)), or varieties (like wines (types of wine)).[3][4]

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative beton betonok
accusative betont betonokat
dative betonnak betonoknak
instrumental betonnal betonokkal
causal-final betonért betonokért
translative betonná betonokká
terminative betonig betonokig
essive-formal betonként betonokként
essive-modal
inessive betonban betonokban
superessive betonon betonokon
adessive betonnál betonoknál
illative betonba betonokba
sublative betonra betonokra
allative betonhoz betonokhoz
elative betonból betonokból
delative betonról betonokról
ablative betontól betonoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
betoné betonoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
betonéi betonokéi
Possessive forms of beton
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. betonom betonjaim
2nd person sing. betonod betonjaid
3rd person sing. betonja betonjai
1st person plural betonunk betonjaink
2nd person plural betonotok betonjaitok
3rd person plural betonjuk betonjaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Further reading[edit]

  • beton in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • beton in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bə.ton/
  • Hyphenation: bê‧ton

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Dutch beton (concrete), from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt), see there for more.

Noun[edit]

bêton (first-person possessive betonku, second-person possessive betonmu, third-person possessive betonnya)

  1. concrete: a building material created by mixing cement, water, and aggregate such as gravel and sand.
Synonyms[edit]
  • konkrit (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Reconstructed as batu +‎ -an, from Javanese ꦧꦼꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ (beton). Doublet of batuan.

Noun[edit]

bêton (first-person possessive betonku, second-person possessive betonmu, third-person possessive betonnya)

  1. (dialect) the seed of a jackfruit

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt). Doublet of bitume.

Noun[edit]

beton m (invariable)

  1. concrete

Anagrams[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *bed (prayer, request, plea) +‎ -ōn. Related to Old English ġebedian (to pray) (modern English bead).

Verb[edit]

betōn

  1. to pray

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Internationalism; compare French béton, ultimately from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beton m inan

  1. concrete (a building material created by mixing cement, water, and aggregate such as gravel and sand)
    beton komórkowycellular concrete
    warstwa betonua layer of concrete
    wylewać/wylać betonto lay/pour concrete
    wylewać/wylać/zalewać/zalać betonemto pour (something) with concrete
  2. (colloquial, derogatory) stick in the mud, old fogey (a person or organization who is slow, old-fashioned, or unprogressive)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns
particle
verbs

Further reading[edit]

  • beton in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • beton in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt), from Gaulish [Term?].

Noun[edit]

beton n (plural betoane)

  1. concrete

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bětoːn/
  • Hyphenation: be‧ton

Noun[edit]

bètōn m (Cyrillic spelling бѐто̄н)

  1. concrete

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

betọ̑n m inan

  1. concrete (building material)

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative betón
genitive betóna
singular
nominative betón
accusative betón
genitive betóna
dative betónu
locative betónu
instrumental betónom

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Noun[edit]

beton (definite accusative betonu, plural betonlar)

  1. concrete (building material)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative beton
Definite accusative betonu
Singular Plural
Nominative beton betonlar
Definite accusative betonu betonları
Dative betona betonlara
Locative betonda betonlarda
Ablative betondan betonlardan
Genitive betonun betonların