cela

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ceļā, ceļa, céla, cēla, celă, čelă, and ćela

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛla]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

cela f

  1. cell (room in a prison for containing inmates)

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Equivalent to ce +‎ . See also -là.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

cela

  1. that

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cela

  1. third-person singular past historic of celer

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cela (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin cella.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cela f (plural celas)

  1. cell of a grid
  2. square on a game board
  3. cell of a panel
    Synonym: favo
  4. cell, cubicle (in a prison or a monastery)
    Synonym: cuarto
  5. (archaic) monastery

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • cela” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • cela” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • cela” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • cela” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cela” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay cela, from Sanskrit चेल (cela, servant, slave, bad representative).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡ʃə.la/
  • Hyphenation: cê‧la

Noun[edit]

cêla

  1. disgrace

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃɛ.la/, [ˈt͡ʃɛːl̺ä]
  • Rhymes: -ɛla
  • Stress: cèla
  • Hyphenation: ce‧la

Etymology 1[edit]

From Hindi चेला (celā).

Noun[edit]

cela m (invariable)

  1. chela (pupil)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

cela

  1. inflection of celare:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  • cela in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

cēlā

  1. first-person singular present active imperative of cēlō

References[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cela n

  1. cloth
  2. garment

References[edit]



Polish[edit]

cela

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Zelle, from Latin cella.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cela f

  1. cell (room in a monastery)
  2. cell (room in a prison for containing inmates)

Declension[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese cela (cell), from Latin cella (small room), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelnā.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cela f (plural celas)

  1. cell (room in a prison for containing inmates)
  2. cell (of a monastery)
  3. a very small room

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

cela

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of celar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of celar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of celar.

Swazi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Khoe language. Compare Nama ǀē (ask for something).

Verb[edit]

-céla

  1. to ask for

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • Louw, J.A. (2013), “The Impact of Khoesan on Southern Bantu”, in The Khoesan Languages, Routledge, →ISBN, pages 435-444

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Khoe language. Compare Nama ǀē (ask for something).

Verb[edit]

-cêla

  1. to request

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

References[edit]

  • Louw, J.A. (2013), “The Impact of Khoesan on Southern Bantu”, in The Khoesan Languages, Routledge, →ISBN, pages 435-444

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Khoe language. Compare Nama ǀē (ask for something).

Verb[edit]

-céla

  1. to ask for, to request

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukucela
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukucela ukungaceli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular cela -cele
Plural celani -celeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyacela, ngicela engicelayo, engicela ngicela angiceli engingaceli ngingaceli
2nd singular uyacela, ucela ocelayo, ocela ucela awuceli ongaceli ungaceli
1st plural siyacela, sicela esicelayo, esicela sicela asiceli esingaceli singaceli
2nd plural niyacela, nicela enicelayo, enicela nicela aniceli eningaceli ningaceli
Class 1 uyacela, ucela ocelayo, ocela ecela akaceli ongaceli engaceli
Class 2 bayacela, bacela abacelayo, abacela becela abaceli abangaceli bengaceli
Class 3 uyacela, ucela ocelayo, ocela ucela awuceli ongaceli ungaceli
Class 4 iyacela, icela ecelayo, ecela icela ayiceli engaceli ingaceli
Class 5 liyacela, licela elicelayo, elicela licela aliceli elingaceli lingaceli
Class 6 ayacela, acela acelayo, acela ecela awaceli angaceli engaceli
Class 7 siyacela, sicela esicelayo, esicela sicela asiceli esingaceli singaceli
Class 8 ziyacela, zicela ezicelayo, ezicela zicela aziceli ezingaceli zingaceli
Class 9 iyacela, icela ecelayo, ecela icela ayiceli engaceli ingaceli
Class 10 ziyacela, zicela ezicelayo, ezicela zicela aziceli ezingaceli zingaceli
Class 11 luyacela, lucela olucelayo, olucela lucela aluceli olungaceli lungaceli
Class 14 buyacela, bucela obucelayo, obucela bucela abuceli obungaceli bungaceli
Class 15 kuyacela, kucela okucelayo, okucela kucela akuceli okungaceli kungaceli
Class 17 kuyacela, kucela okucelayo, okucela kucela akuceli okungaceli kungaceli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngicelile, ngicelē engicelile, engicelē ngicelile, ngicelē angicelanga engingacelanga ngingacelanga
2nd singular ucelile, ucelē ocelile, ocelē ucelile, ucelē awucelanga ongacelanga ungacelanga
1st plural sicelile, sicelē esicelile, esicelē sicelile, sicelē asicelanga esingacelanga singacelanga
2nd plural nicelile, nicelē enicelile, enicelē nicelile, nicelē anicelanga eningacelanga ningacelanga
Class 1 ucelile, ucelē ocelile, ocelē ecelile, ecelē akacelanga ongacelanga engacelanga
Class 2 bacelile, bacelē abacelile, abacelē becelile, becelē abacelanga abangacelanga bengacelanga
Class 3 ucelile, ucelē ocelile, ocelē ucelile, ucelē awucelanga ongacelanga ungacelanga
Class 4 icelile, icelē ecelile, ecelē icelile, icelē ayicelanga engacelanga ingacelanga
Class 5 licelile, licelē elicelile, elicelē licelile, licelē alicelanga elingacelanga lingacelanga
Class 6 acelile, acelē acelile, acelē ecelile, ecelē awacelanga angacelanga engacelanga
Class 7 sicelile, sicelē esicelile, esicelē sicelile, sicelē asicelanga esingacelanga singacelanga
Class 8 zicelile, zicelē ezicelile, ezicelē zicelile, zicelē azicelanga ezingacelanga zingacelanga
Class 9 icelile, icelē ecelile, ecelē icelile, icelē ayicelanga engacelanga ingacelanga
Class 10 zicelile, zicelē ezicelile, ezicelē zicelile, zicelē azicelanga ezingacelanga zingacelanga
Class 11 lucelile, lucelē olucelile, olucelē lucelile, lucelē alucelanga olungacelanga lungacelanga
Class 14 bucelile, bucelē obucelile, obucelē bucelile, bucelē abucelanga obungacelanga bungacelanga
Class 15 kucelile, kucelē okucelile, okucelē kucelile, kucelē akucelanga okungacelanga kungacelanga
Class 17 kucelile, kucelē okucelile, okucelē kucelile, kucelē akucelanga okungacelanga kungacelanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngācela engācela ngācela angicelanga engingacelanga ngingacelanga
2nd singular wācela owācela wācela awucelanga ongacelanga ungacelanga
1st plural sācela esācela sācela asicelanga esingacelanga singacelanga
2nd plural nācela enācela nācela anicelanga eningacelanga ningacelanga
Class 1 wācela owācela ācela akacelanga ongacelanga engacelanga
Class 2 bācela abācela bācela abacelanga abangacelanga bengacelanga
Class 3 wācela owācela wācela awucelanga ongacelanga ungacelanga
Class 4 yācela eyācela yācela ayicelanga engacelanga ingacelanga
Class 5 lācela elācela lācela alicelanga elingacelanga lingacelanga
Class 6 ācela ācela ācela awacelanga angacelanga engacelanga
Class 7 sācela esācela sācela asicelanga esingacelanga singacelanga
Class 8 zācela ezācela zācela azicelanga ezingacelanga zingacelanga
Class 9 yācela eyācela yācela ayicelanga engacelanga ingacelanga
Class 10 zācela ezācela zācela azicelanga ezingacelanga zingacelanga
Class 11 lwācela olwācela lwācela alucelanga olungacelanga lungacelanga
Class 14 bācela obācela bācela abucelanga obungacelanga bungacelanga
Class 15 kwācela okwācela kwācela akucelanga okungacelanga kungacelanga
Class 17 kwācela okwācela kwācela akucelanga okungacelanga kungacelanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingacela ngingacela ngingecele ngingecele
2nd singular ungacela ungacela ungecele ungecele
1st plural singacela singacela singecele singecele
2nd plural ningacela ningacela ningecele ningecele
Class 1 angacela engacela angecele engecele
Class 2 bangacela bengacela bangecele bengecele
Class 3 ungacela ungacela ungecele ungecele
Class 4 ingacela ingacela ingecele ingecele
Class 5 lingacela lingacela lingecele lingecele
Class 6 angacela engacela angecele engecele
Class 7 singacela singacela singecele singecele
Class 8 zingacela zingacela zingecele zingecele
Class 9 ingacela ingacela ingecele ingecele
Class 10 zingacela zingacela zingecele zingecele
Class 11 lungacela lungacela lungecele lungecele
Class 14 bungacela bungacela bungecele bungecele
Class 15 kungacela kungacela kungecele kungecele
Class 17 kungacela kungacela kungecele kungecele
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizocela engizocela ngizocela angizucela engingezucela ngingezucela
2nd singular uzocela ozocela uzocela awuzucela ongezucela ungezucela
1st plural sizocela esizocela sizocela asizucela esingezucela singezucela
2nd plural nizocela enizocela nizocela anizucela eningezucela ningezucela
Class 1 uzocela ozocela ezocela akazucela ongezucela engezucela
Class 2 bazocela abazocela bezocela abazucela abangezucela bengezucela
Class 3 uzocela ozocela uzocela awuzucela ongezucela ungezucela
Class 4 izocela ezocela izocela ayizucela engezucela ingezucela
Class 5 lizocela elizocela lizocela alizucela elingezucela lingezucela
Class 6 azocela azocela ezocela awazucela angezucela engezucela
Class 7 sizocela esizocela sizocela asizucela esingezucela singezucela
Class 8 zizocela ezizocela zizocela azizucela ezingezucela zingezucela
Class 9 izocela ezocela izocela ayizucela engezucela ingezucela
Class 10 zizocela ezizocela zizocela azizucela ezingezucela zingezucela
Class 11 luzocela oluzocela luzocela aluzucela olungezucela lungezucela
Class 14 buzocela obuzocela buzocela abuzucela obungezucela bungezucela
Class 15 kuzocela okuzocela kuzocela akuzucela okungezucela kungezucela
Class 17 kuzocela okuzocela kuzocela akuzucela okungezucela kungezucela
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyocela engiyocela ngiyocela angiyucela engingeyucela ngingeyucela
2nd singular uyocela oyocela uyocela awuyucela ongeyucela ungeyucela
1st plural siyocela esiyocela siyocela asiyucela esingeyucela singeyucela
2nd plural niyocela eniyocela niyocela aniyucela eningeyucela ningeyucela
Class 1 uyocela oyocela eyocela akayucela ongeyucela engeyucela
Class 2 bayocela abayocela beyocela abayucela abangeyucela bengeyucela
Class 3 uyocela oyocela uyocela awuyucela ongeyucela ungeyucela
Class 4 iyocela eyocela iyocela ayiyucela engeyucela ingeyucela
Class 5 liyocela eliyocela liyocela aliyucela elingeyucela lingeyucela
Class 6 ayocela ayocela eyocela awayucela angeyucela engeyucela
Class 7 siyocela esiyocela siyocela asiyucela esingeyucela singeyucela
Class 8 ziyocela eziyocela ziyocela aziyucela ezingeyucela zingeyucela
Class 9 iyocela eyocela iyocela ayiyucela engeyucela ingeyucela
Class 10 ziyocela eziyocela ziyocela aziyucela ezingeyucela zingeyucela
Class 11 luyocela oluyocela luyocela aluyucela olungeyucela lungeyucela
Class 14 buyocela obuyocela buyocela abuyucela obungeyucela bungeyucela
Class 15 kuyocela okuyocela kuyocela akuyucela okungeyucela kungeyucela
Class 17 kuyocela okuyocela kuyocela akuyucela okungeyucela kungeyucela
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngicele ngingaceli
2nd singular ucele ungaceli
1st plural sicele singaceli
2nd plural nicele ningaceli
Class 1 acele angaceli
Class 2 bacele bangaceli
Class 3 ucele ungaceli
Class 4 icele ingaceli
Class 5 licele lingaceli
Class 6 acele angaceli
Class 7 sicele singaceli
Class 8 zicele zingaceli
Class 9 icele ingaceli
Class 10 zicele zingaceli
Class 11 lucele lungaceli
Class 14 bucele bungaceli
Class 15 kucele kungaceli
Class 17 kucele kungaceli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngacela ngangacela, angacela, angangacela
2nd singular wacela wangacela, awacela, awangacela
1st plural sacela sangacela, asacela, asangacela
2nd plural nacela nangacela, anacela, anangacela
Class 1 wacela wangacela, akacela, akangacela
Class 2 bacela bangacela, abacela, abangacela
Class 3 wacela wangacela, awacela, awangacela
Class 4 yacela yangacela, ayacela, ayangacela
Class 5 lacela langacela, alacela, alangacela
Class 6 acela angacela, awacela, awangacela
Class 7 sacela sangacela, asacela, asangacela
Class 8 zacela zangacela, azacela, azangacela
Class 9 yacela yangacela, ayacela, ayangacela
Class 10 zacela zangacela, azacela, azangacela
Class 11 lwacela lwangacela, alwacela, alwangacela
Class 14 bacela bangacela, abacela, abangacela
Class 15 kwacela kwangacela, akwacela, akwangacela
Class 17 kwacela kwangacela, akwacela, akwangacela

References[edit]

  • C. M. Doke; B. W. Vilakazi (1972), “cela”, in Zulu-English Dictionary, →ISBN: “cela (3.9)”
  • Louw, J.A. (2013), “The Impact of Khoesan on Southern Bantu”, in The Khoesan Languages, Routledge, →ISBN, pages 435-444