centrum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum. Doublet of centre / center.

Noun[edit]

centrum (plural centra)

  1. A center.
  2. (anatomy)
    1. The central body of a vertebra; the solid piece to which the arches and some other parts are or may be attached.
    2. The basis or fundamental portion of one of the cranial segments, regarded as analogous to vertebrae.
  3. (seismology) The focus or place of origin of an earthquake.

Derived terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin centrum, from Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron), from κεντέω (kentéō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛntrum]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

centrum n

  1. center (US); centre (UK) (of a city)
    Synonym: střed
    Antonyms: okraj, periferie
    Hotel se nachází v centru města.The hotel is located downtown
  2. center (US); centre (UK) (place where activity occurs)
    Synonym: středisko

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • centrum in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • centrum in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛn.trʏm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cen‧trum

Noun[edit]

centrum n (plural centra or centrums, diminutive centrumpje n)

  1. the center (US); centre (UK), middle of focal part (e.g. of activity)
  2. (geometry) center (US), centre (UK)
  3. a center, centralised facility; also, gathering place
  4. city centre, town centre
    Synonyms: binnenstad, stadscentrum, stadshart, stadskern

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: sentrum
  • Indonesian: sentra (from the plural)

Related terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum (centre), from Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron, sharp point).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛntrum]
  • Hyphenation: cent‧rum
  • Rhymes: -um

Noun[edit]

centrum (plural centrumok)

  1. center (US); centre (UK) (the middle of)
  2. center (US); centre (UK) (of a city)
  3. center (US); centre (UK) (of an activity)
  4. (geometry) center (US); centre (UK)
  5. (politics) the Center (US); Centre (UK)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative centrum centrumok
accusative centrumot centrumokat
dative centrumnak centrumoknak
instrumental centrummal centrumokkal
causal-final centrumért centrumokért
translative centrummá centrumokká
terminative centrumig centrumokig
essive-formal centrumként centrumokként
essive-modal
inessive centrumban centrumokban
superessive centrumon centrumokon
adessive centrumnál centrumoknál
illative centrumba centrumokba
sublative centrumra centrumokra
allative centrumhoz centrumokhoz
elative centrumból centrumokból
delative centrumról centrumokról
ablative centrumtól centrumoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
centrumé centrumoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
centruméi centrumokéi
Possessive forms of centrum
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. centrumom centrumaim
2nd person sing. centrumod centrumaid
3rd person sing. centruma centrumai
1st person plural centrumunk centrumaink
2nd person plural centrumotok centrumaitok
3rd person plural centrumuk centrumaik

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • centrum in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • centrum in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron, sharp point)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centrum n (genitive centrī); second declension

  1. center (US); centre (UK)

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative centrum centra
Genitive centrī centrōrum
Dative centrō centrīs
Accusative centrum centra
Ablative centrō centrīs
Vocative centrum centra

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum, from Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron, centre).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centrum n

  1. center (US); centre (UK) (of a city)
  2. center (US); centre (UK) (the middle part of)
    Synonym: środek
  3. center (US); centre (UK) (of an activity)
  4. (politics) the Center (US); Centre (UK)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns
adjectives
adverbs
verbs

Further reading[edit]

  • centrum in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • centrum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centrum n

  1. center (US); centre (UK); the middle of something
  2. center (US); centre (UK); place where a function or activity occurs
  3. the central areas of a city or a suburb

Usage notes[edit]

  • The various declensions are not tied to different meanings of the word, only a sign of the bewilderness of how best to fit this Latin word into Swedish.
  • Swedish uses centrum for the shops at the centre of a suburb (Farsta) or small and medium-sized town (Uppsala), while the centre of a larger city (Stockholm) is often called city.

Declension[edit]

Declension of centrum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative centrum centrumet centrum centrumen
Genitive centrums centrumets centrums centrumens
Declension of centrum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative centrum centret centrer centrerna
Genitive centrums centrets centrers centrernas
Declension of centrum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative centrum centrum centra centra
Genitive centrums centrums centras centras

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin centrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centrum (definite accusative centrumu, plural centrumlar)

  1. center / centre (central area of a city)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative centrum
Definite accusative centrumu
Singular Plural
Nominative centrum centrumlar
Definite accusative centrumu centrumları
Dative centruma centrumlara
Locative centrumda centrumlarda
Ablative centrumdan centrumlardan
Genitive centrumun centrumların