centrum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum. Doublet of centre / center.

Noun[edit]

centrum (plural centra)

  1. A center.
  2. (anatomy)
    1. The central body of a vertebra; the solid piece to which the arches and some other parts are or may be attached.
    2. The basis or fundamental portion of one of the cranial segments, regarded as analogous to vertebrae.
  3. (seismology) The focus or place of origin of an earthquake.

Derived terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin centrum, from Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron), from κεντέω (kentéō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛntrum]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

centrum n

  1. center (US); centre (UK) (of a city)
    Synonym: střed
    Antonyms: okraj, periferie
  2. center (US); centre (UK) (place where activity occurs)
    Synonym: středisko

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛn.trʏm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cen‧trum

Noun[edit]

centrum n (plural centra or centrums, diminutive centrumpje n)

  1. center (US); centre (UK) (e.g. of activity)
  2. (geometry) center (US), centre (UK)
  3. city centre
    Synonyms: binnenstad, stadscentrum, stadshart, stadskern

Derived terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum (centre), from Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron, sharp point).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sɛntrum]
  • Hyphenation: cent‧rum
  • Rhymes: -um

Noun[edit]

centrum (plural centrumok)

  1. center (US); centre (UK) (the middle of)
  2. center (US); centre (UK) (of a city)
  3. center (US); centre (UK) (of an activity)
  4. (geometry) center (US); centre (UK)
  5. (politics) the Center (US); Centre (UK)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative centrum centrumok
accusative centrumot centrumokat
dative centrumnak centrumoknak
instrumental centrummal centrumokkal
causal-final centrumért centrumokért
translative centrummá centrumokká
terminative centrumig centrumokig
essive-formal centrumként centrumokként
essive-modal
inessive centrumban centrumokban
superessive centrumon centrumokon
adessive centrumnál centrumoknál
illative centrumba centrumokba
sublative centrumra centrumokra
allative centrumhoz centrumokhoz
elative centrumból centrumokból
delative centrumról centrumokról
ablative centrumtól centrumoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
centrumé centrumoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
centruméi centrumokéi
Possessive forms of centrum
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. centrumom centrumaim
2nd person sing. centrumod centrumaid
3rd person sing. centruma centrumai
1st person plural centrumunk centrumaink
2nd person plural centrumotok centrumaitok
3rd person plural centrumuk centrumaik

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron, sharp point)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centrum n (genitive centrī); second declension

  1. center (US); centre (UK)

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative centrum centra
Genitive centrī centrōrum
Dative centrō centrīs
Accusative centrum centra
Ablative centrō centrīs
Vocative centrum centra

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum, from Ancient Greek κέντρον (kéntron, centre).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centrum n

  1. center (US); centre (UK) (of a city)
  2. center (US); centre (UK) (the middle of)
  3. center (US); centre (UK) (of an activity)
  4. (politics) the Center (US); Centre (UK)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • centrum in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin centrum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

centrum c

  1. center (US); centre (UK); the middle of something
  2. center (US); centre (UK); place where a function or activity occurs
  3. the central areas of a city or a suburb

Usage notes[edit]

  • The various declensions are not tied to different meanings of the word, only a sign of the bewilderness of how best to fit this Latin word into Swedish.
  • Swedish uses centrum for the shops at the centre of a suburb (Farsta) or small and medium-sized town (Uppsala), while the centre of a larger city (Stockholm) is often called city.

Declension[edit]

Declension of centrum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative centrum centrumet centrum centrumen
Genitive centrums centrumets centrums centrumens
Declension of centrum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative centrum centret centrer centrerna
Genitive centrums centrets centrers centrernas
Declension of centrum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative centrum centrum centra centra
Genitive centrums centrums centras centras

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]