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From Latin complēre, present active infinitive of compleō (with a more conservative pronunciation preserved in the shift from Latin -pl- to -pr-; compare the normal shift from implēre to encher) . Compare Spanish cumplir.


cumprir (first-person singular present indicative cumpro, past participle cumprido)

  1. (transitive with com (somewhat formal) or with no preposition) to carry out, to do, to perform
    Você deveria cumprir com seu dever.
    You should carry out your duty.
  2. (transitive) to fulfill
  3. (transitive) to accomplish
    Você cumpriu seus objetivos?
    Did you accomplish your goals?
  4. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to come true, to be fulfilled


Related terms[edit]