delirium

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See also: Delirium and delírium

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin dēlīrium (derangement”, “madness), from dēlīrō (I am deranged).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

delirium (countable and uncountable, plural deliriums or deliria)

  1. A temporary mental state with a sudden onset, usually reversible, including symptoms of confusion, inability to concentrate, disorientation, anxiety, and sometimes hallucinations. Causes can include dehydration, drug intoxication, and severe infection.
    • (Can we date this quote by Washington Irving and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The popular delirium [of the French Revolution] at first caught his enthusiastic mind.
    • (Can we date this quote by Motley and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      the delirium of the preceding session (of Parliament)
    • 1826, Mary Shelley, The Last Man
      Better to decay in absolute delirium, than to be the victim of the methodical unreason of ill-bestowed love.

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dēlīrium

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: de‧li‧ri‧um

Noun[edit]

delirium n (plural deliria or deliriums, diminutive deliriumpje n)

  1. delirium

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From dēlīrō (I deviate from the straight track; I am deranged), from (from, away from, out of) + līra (the earth thrown up between two furrows; a ridge, track, furrow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dēlīrium n (genitive dēlīriī or dēlīrī); second declension

  1. delirium, madness, frenzy
    • c. 47 CE, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, De Medicina, 2.7.28
      [] aut qui febre aeque non quiescente simul et delirio et spirandi difficultate vexatur []
      [] or when, likewise without the fever subsiding, he is distressed at once by delirium and difficulty in breathing []

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dēlīrium dēlīria
Genitive dēlīriī
dēlīrī1
dēlīriōrum
Dative dēlīriō dēlīriīs
Accusative dēlīrium dēlīria
Ablative dēlīriō dēlīriīs
Vocative dēlīrium dēlīria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

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Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun[edit]

delirium n (definite singular deliriet, indefinite plural delirier, definite plural deliria or deliriene)

  1. a delirium

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

delirium n (definite singular deliriet, indefinite plural delirium, definite plural deliria)

  1. a delirium

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dēlīrium, from dēlīrō (I am deranged), from (from, away from, out of) + līra (the earth thrown up between two furrows; a ridge, track, furrow).

Noun[edit]

delirium n

  1. delirium

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

delirium n

  1. delirium

Declension[edit]

Declension of delirium 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative delirium deliriet delirier delirierna
Genitive deliriums deliriets deliriers deliriernas