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(index es)


From esi- or its illative form esiin.


  • IPA(key): /ˈesiːntyæ(ʔ)/
  • Hyphenation: e‧siin‧ty‧ä



  1. (intransitive) To appear, put in/make an appearance, show up, show oneself, turn up.
  2. (intransitive) To behave, act, conduct oneself.
  3. (intransitive) To perform, act, play (in a theatrical role).
  4. (intransitive) To pose as, play the part/role of, pretend to be, impersonate (in a deceitful sense), purport oneself to be.
    Hän esiintyy kansainvälisenä liikemiehenä.
    He purports himself to be an international man of affairs.
  5. (intransitive, + essive) To serve as, act as, appear as.
    Hän esiintyy oikeudessa syyttäjänä.
    S/he acts as a prosecutor in court.
  6. (intransitive) To occur, appear.
    Tämä sana esiintyy myös harvinaisemmissa sijamuodoissa.
    This word occurs also in rarer cases.
    Sana esiintyy kirjassa 300 (= kolmesataa) kertaa.
    The word occurs 300 times in the book.
  7. (intransitive) To be (to be) found, there are/were/have been/had been traces/deposits of (subject often in partitive -> verb in 3rd-pers. sg.).
    Suomessa ei esiinny öljyä.
    There are no oil deposits in Finland.
    Haukea ei esiinny niissä järvissä.
    Pike is not found in those lakes.



Derived terms[edit]